Measuring the Health Impact of Drinking Water Sources in El-Fashir, Sudan

Authors

  • Waed Alahmad1 , Ahmed Abu-Rayyan 2 , Najm Eldinn Elsser Elhassan 3,4, Mohammed Ismail Humaida 3,5

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13646

Keywords:

Water Quality, Drinking Water, TDS, Nitrate, Conductivity, Turbidity, Fluoride.

Abstract

The study aimed to assess the physical and chemical condition of drinking water in El-fashir city, Sudan. The
parameters studied are; Electrical conductivity (EC), nitrates, pH, Total Dissolved Solid (TDS) and fluorine
were analyzed at water points and in the laboratory. Results were processed on SPSS software. The study
revealed the pH results, which were distributed between 6.8 to 8 for samples from hand pumps 1 and 2 and
tank water, respectively. The residual chlorine concentration (RC) in the water supply system of the selected
stations ranged between 0.2 to 0.6 mg /L. The concentration of nitrate level ranged from 3. 4.5 mg/L, which
is within the acceptable range of the standards for WHO and SSMO standards. The study also determined
the level of fluorine, which ranged between 0.17 - 0.41 mg/L, which is within the acceptable range of the
standards for WHO and SSMO standards. This study found that all results fall within the permissible limits
of the standards of WHO and SSMO standards except the hand pumps.

Author Biography

Waed Alahmad1 , Ahmed Abu-Rayyan 2 , Najm Eldinn Elsser Elhassan 3,4, Mohammed Ismail Humaida 3,5

1Assistant Professor, Basic Science Department, Faculty of Science, Applied Science Private University, P.O. Box
166 Amman 11931 Jordan, 2
Associated Professor. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Applied Science
Private University, P.O. Box 166 Amman 11931 Jordan, 3 ,4Associated Professor, Department of Public Health,
College of Public Health & Health informatics, University of Hail, KSA, and Department of Environmental
Health, College of Public and Environmental Health, University of Bahri, Sudan, 3,5Assistant Professor,
Department of Public Health, College of Public Health & Health informatics, University of Hail, KSA,
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public and Environmental Health, University of Kordofan, Sudan

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Waed Alahmad1 , Ahmed Abu-Rayyan 2 , Najm Eldinn Elsser Elhassan 3,4, Mohammed Ismail Humaida 3,5. (2020). Measuring the Health Impact of Drinking Water Sources in El-Fashir, Sudan. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(1), 1640-1646. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13646