Assessment of Employees’ Knowledge Concerning Contributing Factors and Early Detection for Prostate Cancer in Baghdad University Colleges in bab-Almudam

Authors

  • Haider M. Majeed1 , Hussein Hadi Atiyah2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13656

Keywords:

Assessment, Employees’, Knowledge, Contributing Factors, Early Detection, Prostate Cancer

Abstract

Worldwide prostate cancer is the second most frequent cause of cancer deaths. Screening techniques is
useful for improving survival rates and treatment outcomes can be employed to detect the disease earlier in
apparently healthy individuals, and increasing evidence shows that this can decrease morbidity and mortality
of the disease.
Objectives: The objectives of this study was to assess the knowledge concerning contributing factors and
early detection to screen for prostate cancer among male staff of the University of Baghdad Colleges in babAlmudam Area, Iraq and to find out the relationship between employees’ knowledge and their demographical
characteristic.
Methodology: This cross-sectional descriptive design study was carried out with 100 male staff working
in colleges of Baghdad University in bab-Almudam region. Male staff who agreed to participate and were
recruited on giving oral consent. Knowledge about prostate cancer and screening was operationalized
through 28items, including 12 items from the Knowledge about Prostate Cancer Screening Questionnaire,
and 16 items assessing contributing factors and prostate cancer screening controversy. Data was collected by
distributing structured a self-administered questionnaire, written in Arabic was used.
Results: The Majority of participants (36.0%) were ages between (38 -47) years, the median age was 36
years (range, 18-36) years (mean=41.8+ S.td =10.035). Regarding marital status, the majority (77 %) was
married, followed by (19%) who were single and (4%) who were divorced or widowed. One third (38%) of
participants had PhD education, following by (26%) secondary school, (18 %) university,(9%) intermediate,
)5%) MSc and (4%) institute education. Furthermore, (89%) of study participants reported they had no
family history of prostate only (11%) reported had family history PCa. A total of (94%) were living in urban
area and reminder lived in rural area. About (48%, 35%) respectively, of respondents had a medium and high
knowledge level about prostate cancer and early detection screening methods.
Conclusions: This study indicated that the staffs of University of Baghdad Colleges have appreciable
knowledge regard contributing factors and early detection to prostate cancer screening. A significant
proportion of staff however, exhibited poor knowledge of prostate cancer screening and contributing factors
to prostate cancer.

Author Biography

Haider M. Majeed1 , Hussein Hadi Atiyah2

1Assistant instructor, Fundamentals of Nursing Department, College of Nursing-University of Baghdad,
2Prof, Adult Nursing Department, College of Nursing-University of Baghdad

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Haider M. Majeed1 , Hussein Hadi Atiyah2. (2020). Assessment of Employees’ Knowledge Concerning Contributing Factors and Early Detection for Prostate Cancer in Baghdad University Colleges in bab-Almudam. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(1), 1712-1717. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13656