Correlation between Workload and Work Environment with Work Stress

Authors

  • Shabrina Firsta Aulia1 , Putri Ayuni Alayyannur2 , Endang Dwiyanti3 , Tri Martiana4 , Shintia Yunita Arini2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13678

Keywords:

Workload, Work Environment, Work Stress

Abstract

Competition in the business world nowadays caused many pressures on workers and resulting in work stress.
During 2001, the problem of stress had cost the organization up to $ 300 billion in terms of reimbursing
maintenance costs, workers’ compensation, absenteeism and labor turnover. In Indonesia, especially Jakarta,
around 1.33 million residents experience stress. This figure reaches 14% of the total population with severe
stress levels of 7-10% and acute stress of 1-3%. It was also reported that Health care costs were almost 50%
higher for treating workers who experienced high levels of stress in their work. Previous studies had found
out that work stress was caused by several factors including work environment and workload. The purpose
of this study was to analyze the correlation between workload and work environment with work stress on the
Maintenance and Repair Division workers of PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero). This research design was a crosssectional study. The population in this study were all technician workers on the Maintenance and Repair
Division of PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero) as many as 51 workers. The sample was calculated using a simple
random sampling technique so that a sample of 49 workers was obtained in the Production Department,
Maintenance and Repair Division of PT. PAL Indonesia (Persero). The study was conducted in June 2019.
Variables in this study were work climate, noise, lighting, physical workload, mental workload, and work
stress. The data were analyzed by using the chi-square test and spearman test because there are differences
in the scale of the data on the variables. The results are: work climate is not related to work stress (sig 0.715
> ?), noise is not related to work stress (sig 0.380 > ?), lighting is not related to work stress (0.322 > ?),
physical workload is related to work stress (sig 0.004 < ?), mental workload has no relationship with work
stress (sig 0.377 > ?). The conclusion of this study is that only physical workload has a correlation with
work stress.

Author Biography

Shabrina Firsta Aulia1 , Putri Ayuni Alayyannur2 , Endang Dwiyanti3 , Tri Martiana4 , Shintia Yunita Arini2

1
Student of Public Health Bachelor Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Campus C,
Mulyorejo, 60115, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia, 2
Junior lecturer in Department of Occupational Safety and
Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Campus C, Mulyorejo, 60115, Surabaya, East Java,
Indonesia, 3Associate Professor in Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Faculty of Public Health,
Universitas Airlangga, Campus C, Mulyorejo, 60115, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia, 4Professor in Department of
Occupational Safety and Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Campus C, Mulyorejo, 60115,
Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Shabrina Firsta Aulia1 , Putri Ayuni Alayyannur2 , Endang Dwiyanti3 , Tri Martiana4 , Shintia Yunita Arini2. (2020). Correlation between Workload and Work Environment with Work Stress. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(1), 1846-1852. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13678