Demographic and Clinicohistological Profiles of Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer at Al-El Wiya Maternity Teaching Hospital / Baghdad: A Retrospective Study
Keywords:Iraqi breast cancer, awareness, early detection, biomarkers, retrospective, ductal carcinoma
Knowing the incidence of, breast cancer, diagnosis, and treatment methods given a strategic approach for
community awareness and rapid management. This study was aimed to: Estimate the demographic pattern
including age, marital status, number of children, mass location, lactation, using contraceptive and smoking
habit and to estimate the pattern of BC risk factors including family history, histological type, grading, and
staging. The retrospective cross-sectional descriptive design was utilized. A total of 282 confirmed breast
cancer female patients for the years 2016 to 2018 were included. Overall result showed that the age of
Breast cancer female patients ranged from (25-80) years with a mean (49.12±0.67). Most Breast Cancer
cases were diagnosed with infiltrating ductal carcinoma (73.4%). The percentage of the discovered tumor
was dominating the right side of the breast (52.8%). Also, 11% of BC females were diagnosed with stage
IIa. And 31.2 % of BC cases were diagnosed as grade II. However, 20.2% of the cases were having a family
history with breast cancer. Most of the cases (94.7%) were did not checked for biomarker testing, just 12
cases (4.3%) were positive ER. And 3.9% of cases tested for PR only 11 cases were positive. While negative
results for HER2/neu was only in 9 cases (3.2%). Current study validates scientific knowledge about BC in
Baghdad. Each year, the incidence rates increase especially for age above 49.
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