In Vitro Production of Ovine Embryo in Non-Breeding Season
Keywords:IVF, IVEP, Local Iraqi breed sheep Non-breeding season.
This study was undertaken to show the effect of follicular size and culture media on the results of IVF
and IVEP in sheep. A hundred ovaries of slaughtered ewes were taken during non-breeding season. The
total number of follicles were 256, while the number of recovered oocytes were 189. The recovery rate
of oocyte from large and small follicles were 85.8% and 64.7% respectively. Only grades A and B oocyte
have been used with a total number of 148 oocytes. Maturation and fertilization rates in different media;
MEM, RPMI1640, DMEM low glucose and DMEM high glucose were 64.4%, 51.2%, 32.4% and 26.6% for
maturation rate and 66.6%, 55%, 50% and 37.5% for fertilization rate respectively. There was a statistical
difference (p?0.05) in maturation and fertilization rate between different media; the total fertilization and
cleavage rate was 56.7% and 70% respectively. The numbers of morula and blastocyst stage were 40% and
35% respectively. There was a statistical difference (p?0.05) in morula and blastocyst production in different
media. It was concluded that abattoir was a good source of oocyte recovery, and the large follicle give the
best morula and blastocyst stage. MEM was a good diluent of semen. mMEM give the best result as cultured
media as compared with the other media used in this study.
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