Dietary Habits of Iraqi Women with Breast Cancer at Oncology Hospitals in Baghdad City: Comparative Study

Authors

  • Hadeel Mousa Mahalhal1 , Hawraa Hussein Ghafel2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13748

Keywords:

Dietary Pattern , Breast Cancer, Oncology Hospitals, Comparative Study

Abstract

Background: Dietary pattern explains the overall diet; the food, food groups and nutrients included; their
variety and combination. Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women worldwide. Many risk
factors for breast cancer contribute to personal habits, such as diet and exercise. Certain risk factors linked
to lifestyle include decisions to have children and to take medicines containing hormones.
Objectives of the study : To assess women’s dietary Habits, Foods Choices, and to find out the relation
between demographic characteristics and breast cancer.
Methodology: Adescriptive and analytic study, non-probability (a purposive sample) consist of (100)
women was carried out at three Oncology Hospitals in Baghdad City, Iraq.The study group consist of(100)
women divided in two groups the first one include (50) women as a (study group) that attending An oncology
Hospitals and the second include (50) women as a (control group) that attending the Primary Health Care
Centers.
Results: women in both groups are consuming red meat with low frequency and amount than normal
consumption . More than half of women with breast cancer are eating red meat one time per week (54%)
while those without breast cancer are eating red meat two times per week (50%).
Conclusion: women in both groups are consuming red meat with low frequency and amount than normal
consumption
Recommendation Avoid eating canned and processed red meat with preservatives and replaced it with
fresh well cooked meat. Community orientation towards a healthy, balanced nutrition that contains the basic
elements that the body needs without focusing on a specific food. Activation the role of media in increase
the awareness of women in the community about healthy diet. Instruct women with breast cancer to follow
a healthy diet guideline and avoid eating canned and processed red meat with preservatives during their
treatment courses.

Author Biography

Hadeel Mousa Mahalhal1 , Hawraa Hussein Ghafel2

1
MSc, Ministry of Health Student at Maternal and Neonate Nursing Department, College of Nursing, University of
Baghdad, 2
Lecturer at,Maternal and Neonate Nursing Department, College of Nursing, University of Baghdad

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Hadeel Mousa Mahalhal1 , Hawraa Hussein Ghafel2. (2020). Dietary Habits of Iraqi Women with Breast Cancer at Oncology Hospitals in Baghdad City: Comparative Study. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(1), 2322-2328. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13748