Prevalence and Risk of Leukemia Reported Cases, Observational Descriptive Statistic from Iraqi Center for Hematology in Baghdad Province

Authors

  • Ruaa Hameed Abdulridha1 , Nada Kadum Jawad2 , Ahmed Tariq Numan2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13765

Keywords:

Leukemia; Prevalence; acute myeloid leukemia; chronic lymphocytic leukemia; and chronic myelogenous leukemia.

Abstract

Background: Leukemia is one type of blood cancer developed in the bone marrow and other blood-forming
organs. Based on a combination of onset speed and cell origin, leukemia can generally be divided into
four subtypes: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML‚ (chronic lymphocytic
leukemia (CLL), and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).
Methods: A total of 3102 eligible leukemia cases were documented in the Iraqi Center for Hematology in
the City of Medicine in Baghdad between January 2018 and December 2019. 1402 documented in 2018 and
1700 in 2019 for all types of cancer, Patients ages were between 1 year and 90 years, among all leukemia
cases, the mostly 36% (n = 730) were aged ?15 years. Results In our study males accounted for a higher
proportion of leukemia patients, 58 % compared to 42% females, ALL was the more prevalent type among
the studied group for both years ; contribute% 55.17 din male %53.45 in female, followed by AML 36.87%
vs 40.27% , CLL 5.23% vs 2.22% and CML 2.73% vs 4.06% in male and female respectively. Conclusion
It was observed that the prevalence of leukemia in Baghdad increased between (2018 -2019) from 1402 to
1700, the youngest age 15 registered most of leukemia cases. . Males were mostly victim of the disease as
compared to females which were less frequent. It was observed that acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
was most common type of leukemia.

Author Biography

Ruaa Hameed Abdulridha1 , Nada Kadum Jawad2 , Ahmed Tariq Numan2

1Assistant. Instructor, Department of Biotechnology‚ College of Science‚ University of Baghdad‚ Baghdad‚ Iraq,
2
Assist. prof. Department of Medical Laboratory Technology‚ Al-Mustafa University College‚ Baghdad‚ Iraq

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Ruaa Hameed Abdulridha1 , Nada Kadum Jawad2 , Ahmed Tariq Numan2. (2020). Prevalence and Risk of Leukemia Reported Cases, Observational Descriptive Statistic from Iraqi Center for Hematology in Baghdad Province. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(1), 2428-2433. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13765