Impact of Years’ Experience upon Nurses’ Knowledge and Practice concerning Infection Control at Critical Care Units in Baghdad City
Keywords:Impact, Years’ Experience, Nurses’ Knowledge & Practice, Infection Control, Critical Care Units
Introduction: Infection control or hospital-acquired infections are the major concern of the health care
system and agencies. Critical care nurses are on the first-line contact with the patients, so on, they are most
vulnerable to acquired infections. It is really important to regularly check their knowledge and practices
concerning infection control. Objectives: The study aims to identify the impact of years’ experience on
nurses’ knowledge and practices concerning infection control in three hospitals and center (Baghdad
teaching hospital, Ibn Al-Nafees hospital, and Ibn al-Bitar center) Methodology: Cross-sectional study was
conducted, the study starting from 4th of July 2020 to 13th of November 2020. Non-probability (purposive)
sample was used to select 110 nurses who work at critical care units in three hospitals and center (Baghdad
teaching hospital, Ibn Al-Nafees hospital, and Ibn al-Bitar center). The years of experience should no
less than one year. The instrument was composed of two parts. Firstly, covers the nurses’ demographic
characteristics. Secondly, included self-report questions about nurses’ knowledge and an evaluation sheet
concerning nurses’ practices of infection control with 24 questions for knowledge and 12 questions for
practices checklist. Results: The study revealed that the nurses’ knowledge toward infection control record
38%, 41%, and 21% for low, moderate, and high knowledge respectively. In comparison, nurses practices
record 47%, 42%, and 11% for low, moderate, and high practices respectively. Most of the study sample
62% was females while 38 % of the subject was males. The age group (20-29) takes the highest percentage
(38%), In addition, about (27.3%) of the nurses who works in critical care units have 1-5 years of experience.
Significant statistical associations were found between nurses knowledge and practice from one hand and
years’ experience on the other hands p ? 0.05. Recommendation: Based on this finding, the researcher
recommended further studies involve more nurses and other health professionals regarding infection control
and highlight the importance of infection control to nurses with (1-5) years’ experience by symposium or
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