Role of Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Some Bacteria Causes Tonsillitis among Children Under 5 Years Old in Duhok City
Keywords:Respiratory syncytial virus RSV, Tonsillitis, Bacteria, ELISA, Co- infection, IgG, IgM.
Background: Acute infection of the respiratory tract is a prevalent cause of death in children under the age of 5 years, particularly in developing nations. Infection with respiratory syncytial virus is a causative factor for bacterial co-infection with an increase in the incidence of respiratory disease.
Objective: This research was intended to clarify the connection between the Respiratory Syncytial Virus RSV and the tonsillitis-causing bacteria.
Method: In 120 patients with acute and chronic tonsillitis, swabs were obtained from the tonsils to detect pathogenic and commensal bacteria in the throat, and blood samples collected to identify RSV infection by identifying the antibody value in the serum.
The results: Culture results showed that 78.53% of the bacteria isolated belonged to the Gram-positive group and that only 21.47% belonged to the Gram-negative group, (51.98%) were positive for pathogenic bacteria while (48.02%) were positive for commensal bacteria and showed the highest rate of pathogenic bacteria isolated from tonsillitis patients was to Staph. aureus and Strep. pyogenes. Serological testing using ELISA showed that respiratory syncytial virus infection increases tonsillitis co-infection. Type of antibodies showed a change depending on the sex group and the stages of immune response maturity.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions