The Influence of Sociodemographic Factors on Community Knowledge, Perceptions, Attitudes, and Practices towards COVID-19 Prevention Protocols : A Scoping Review
Keywords:Sociodemographic factors, knowledge, perception, attitudes, and practice, COVID-19
Background: WHO declared COVID-19 as a global pandemic due to its rapid spread and has been
confirmed worldwide. Preventive efforts are made to minimize the virus spread among the community.
Sociodemographicfactors play an integral role in determining the communityknowledge, perception,
attitudes, and practice towards COVID-19 prevention protocols.
Methods: This review was conducted on various journal articles to see the sociodemographic factors that
influence the levels of knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and practices of the community towardsCOVID-19
prevention protocols. Journal articles were selected under the PRISMA guidelines, from which 28 articles
were found to meet the predetermined criteria.
Result: Several sociodemographic factors found to affect the levels of knowledge, attitudes, practices,
and perceptions of respondents towards the COVID-19 prevention protocols were age, gender, education,
marital status, occupation, socio economic status, area of residence, and nationality.
Conclusion: Education and socio economic status/monthly income were found to be the main factors that
influenced the respondents’ level of knowledge. Individuals with higher education tended to take health
problems more seriously, as shown by their better scores of compliance with the COVID-19 prevention
protocols, compared to the scores shown by other groups.
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