Dental Health Care for Older Persons with Diabetes by Caregivers in Ubon Ratchathani
Keywords:caregiver, patients with diabetes, dental health, elderly, oral care model
Background: Ubon Ratchathani province has seen the phenomenon of the population aging since 2010
and the number of the elderly continues rise each year. According to the assessment of oral health, most
of the elderly suffer from Gingivitis and Periodontitis, and have lost their teeth as a result of tooth decay
and periodontal diseases. Methods: This study design was a research and development study aimed to
explore the process of dental health caregiving for older persons with diabetes by caregivers in Ubon
Ratchathani province. Proportional to the estimation of the population, the sample size was 403 elderly
patients for contextual study from June 2016 to July 2018. Data was collected using questionnaires with
a reliability of 0.8, and analysis was conducted using statistical tools, number, percent, mean, standard
deviation, independent sample t-test and paired sample t-test. Results: The finding demonstrated that the
participants, similarly, needed care from caregivers, the role of caregivers, health promotion and prevention,
while treatment was less of a need. Comparisons of evaluation results from both groups considered impacts
on their oral health, on the Daily Performance of their Lives, as well as their Knowledge of and Attitude
towards oral care, demonstrated a statistically significant difference (p-value = <0.001). Elderly patients
without caregivers suffered largely from loose teeth, showing little knowledge and misunderstanding of
tooth brushing techniques, believing that the harder they brush the better it is for their dental health. As for
behavior, both groups showed no statistically significant difference (p-value = 0.09) and were rated to be at
the same medium level. Conclusion: The finding can be applied for consistency of information from current
such as the service was easy to access, the development of the potential and skills of the elderly patients with
diabetes and their involved, as well as follow-up for strength and teamwork.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions