Dental Health Care for Older Persons with Diabetes by Caregivers in Ubon Ratchathani


  • Namphet Tungyingyong
  • Ruengsin Thuennadee
  • Niruwan Turnbul



caregiver, patients with diabetes, dental health, elderly, oral care model


Background: Ubon Ratchathani province has seen the phenomenon of the population aging since 2010
and the number of the elderly continues rise each year. According to the assessment of oral health, most
of the elderly suffer from Gingivitis and Periodontitis, and have lost their teeth as a result of tooth decay
and periodontal diseases. Methods: This study design was a research and development study aimed to
explore the process of dental health caregiving for older persons with diabetes by caregivers in Ubon
Ratchathani province. Proportional to the estimation of the population, the sample size was 403 elderly
patients for contextual study from June 2016 to July 2018. Data was collected using questionnaires with
a reliability of 0.8, and analysis was conducted using statistical tools, number, percent, mean, standard
deviation, independent sample t-test and paired sample t-test. Results: The finding demonstrated that the
participants, similarly, needed care from caregivers, the role of caregivers, health promotion and prevention,
while treatment was less of a need. Comparisons of evaluation results from both groups considered impacts
on their oral health, on the Daily Performance of their Lives, as well as their Knowledge of and Attitude
towards oral care, demonstrated a statistically significant difference (p-value = <0.001). Elderly patients
without caregivers suffered largely from loose teeth, showing little knowledge and misunderstanding of
tooth brushing techniques, believing that the harder they brush the better it is for their dental health. As for
behavior, both groups showed no statistically significant difference (p-value = 0.09) and were rated to be at
the same medium level. Conclusion: The finding can be applied for consistency of information from current
such as the service was easy to access, the development of the potential and skills of the elderly patients with
diabetes and their involved, as well as follow-up for strength and teamwork.

Author Biographies

Namphet Tungyingyong

Doctoral Degree Student. Faculty of Public Health, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, 44150

Ruengsin Thuennadee

National Health Security Office Region 10, Ubon Ratchathani, 34000, Thailand

Niruwan Turnbul

Associate Professor at Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, 44150, Thailand



How to Cite

Namphet Tungyingyong, Ruengsin Thuennadee, & Niruwan Turnbul. (2021). Dental Health Care for Older Persons with Diabetes by Caregivers in Ubon Ratchathani. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 1959-1969.