Evaluation of Root Canal Morphology of Maxillary 2ndPremolars Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Chennai Population
Keywords:Root Canal Morphology, maxillary second premolar, Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Vertucci’s classification.
Background: Using the CBCT, this technique has the ability to identify the root canal morphology as
detailed as using the root canal staining and other clearing techniques that in the past have been of higher
value to the other conventional techniques that can be implemented to give a three-dimensional perspective
of the complete morphological details. With this, analysing the variation in root canal morphology of human
maxillary second premolar between different gender in Chennai population can be done.
Methods:One hundred Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images from different patients are
selected randomly from Department of Oral Radiology of Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, India.
All the CBCT images of patients are examined for the inclusion criteria in maxillary second premolars
between different genders based on Vertucci classification. All root canal configurations of maxillary second
premolars between different genders are investigated and compared withVertucci Classification.
Conclusion: Of all the 100 maxillary second premolars, the most common type of canal configuration for
both the genders is Type I (41%), Type III (22%), and Type V (22%). In females, the most common type of
canal configuration discovered is Type I (35%), Type III (63.6%) and Type V (83.3%). In males, the most
common type of canal configuration determined is Type I (65%) and Type III (36.4%).
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