Correlation of High sensitivity C-reactive Protein Levels with Body Mass Index in a Group of Adults in Erbil City
Keywords:High sensitivity C-reactive protein, Body mass index, Obesity.
Background and Objectives: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing worldwide. Obesity
is related to morbidity and mortality. High sensitivity C - reactive protein (hs-CRP) is an important
inflammatory marker to predict cardiovascular diseases. This study aims to correlate between hs-CRP levels
and BMI among healthy adults.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 healthy adults from May 2019 to
October 2019. The study population was divided into four groups based on BMI; normal, overweight, obese
I, and obese II. Hs-CRP level was measured in all groups. Multiple linear regression analysis was done to
find out the independent factors affecting hs-CRP.
Results: Out of 200 participants, 56 (28%) had normal BMI, 43(21.5%) were overweight, 57(28.5%) were
obese group I and 44 (22%) were obese group II. The mean hs-CRP of the normal weight and overweight
participants was 1.03 mg/dl and 1.37 mg/dl respectively (p= 0.725), then there was a marked increase to
3.75 mg/dl and 7.69 mg/dl among the obese I and obese II participants respectively (p < 0.001). A positive
significant correlation was found between the hs-CRP levels and the BMI (r = 0.436, p < 0.001). The only
factor that was independently associated with the high hs-CRP was the BMI (B = 0.357, p < 0.001).
Conclusion: Rising BMI was significantly correlated with hs-CRP. The higher the BMI, the higher will
be plasma hs-CRP levels, suggesting the presence of chronic systemic inflammation which might lead to
cardiovascular events in the future.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions