Investigation of the Antibiotic-Resistant ESKAPE Pathogens in Ramadi Hospitals, Iraq

Authors

  • Hamid M. Sharqi
  • Omar M. Hassan
  • A.S. Obaid

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17219

Keywords:

ESKAPE, MDR, antibiotic, resistance, susceptibility

Abstract

Bacterial species of the ESKAPE group (Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella
pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli) are often
resistant to antibiotics. The purpose of this study was to find out the antibiotics resistance formed
by ESKAPE pathogens in hospitals in the city of Ramadi, in Iraq. All bacteria within this clinically
relevant ESKAPE group were isolated from September 2020 to April 2021. Identification of isolates
was performed by Vitek 2 system and the Sensitivity Test was carried out using a disk diffusion
method. The majority of pathogens isolated from patients at Ramadi Hospitals belong to the ESKAPE
group. The percentage of bacterial isolates was K. pneumoniae (33.96%), E. coli (20.75%), S. aureus
(20.13%), P. aeruginosa (11.32 %), E. faecalis (9.43%), and A. baumannii (4.41%). Some isolates of
E. coli were Resistance to all antibiotics, while P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae were 100% resistant
to Vancomycin and Tetracycline. The presence of the ESKAPE group of pathogens is a major problem
in Ramadi city hospitals. The results of this study support the implementation of special antimicrobial
strategies to specifically target these microorganisms.

Author Biographies

Hamid M. Sharqi

MsC Student. . Department of Biology, College of Science,University of Anbar, Ramadi 31001, Iraq

Omar M. Hassan

Ass. Proff. Department of Biology, College of Science,University of Anbar, Ramadi 31001, Iraq

A.S. Obaid

Ass. Proff. Department of Physics, College of Science,University of Anbar, Ramadi 31001, Iraq

Published

2021-09-05

How to Cite

Hamid M. Sharqi, Omar M. Hassan, & A.S. Obaid. (2021). Investigation of the Antibiotic-Resistant ESKAPE Pathogens in Ramadi Hospitals, Iraq. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4), 3306-3313. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17219