Effectiveness of an Instructional Programs on Patient’s Knowledge Regarding Self- Care Management after Ischemic Heart Disease
Keywords:Effectiveness, Instructional Program, Patients, Knowledge, Self-Care Management.
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and there is a rising global burden. The effects of diet on cardiometabolic risk factors have been studied extensively. Healthy habit as a cost-effective approach to risk reduction in post- ischemic heart disease patients is proven to be beneficial. A quasi experimental study design is carried out at An Nasiriyah Heart Center in AL-Nasiriyah City, from 15th of September, 2018 to the 2nd July, 2019. A non-probability (Purposive sample) of (100) patients diagnosed with myocardial infarction divided into two group (50) patients as control group and (50) patients as study group. The data were collected through the use of questionnaire designed by researcher, which comprised of (2) parts: Part I: related to the Socio-demographic characteristics and Part II: Clinical characteristics. Part III: Assessment self-care management of IHD patients’ knowledge .Reliability of the questionnaire is determined through a pilot study and the validity through a panel of experts. The descriptive and inferential statistical procedures were used for analysis of data. Findings of the present study indicated that the instructional program recorded positive and meaningful results in improving patients’ knowledge with self-care management.
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