Original Article-Correlation and Comparison of Cheiloscopy, Dactyloscopy and Palatoscopy with Blood Groups among Dental Students From Western Maharashtra

Authors

  • Srigiri Surath1, Sushma Bommanavar2, Sudha B Mattigatti3, Uzma Belgaumi4, Vidya Kadashetti2, Wasim Kamate2, Nupura Vibhute3

Keywords:

ABO Blood groups, Cheiloscopy, Dactyloscopy, Palatoscopy, Personal identification, Rh factor.

Abstract

Personal identification is of paramount importance in the forensic odontology for ethical, humanitarian and criminal investigations. In forensic odontology, scientific methods using DNA is considered to be the gold standard method of identification; however, it’s expensive and time-consuming approach have circumvented the need for less expensive and faster methods of identification. The latest inexpensive approach of quantifying evidences for identification of suspect in crime is using lip print, fingerprint, palatal rugae & blood grouping and this has gained tremendous importance in the present days. Hence, the aim of the present study is to correlate and compare Cheiloscopy, Dactyloscopy and Palatoscopy with blood group and Rh factor. Method: A total of 200 dental students between the age group18 to 25 years were included in the study. Lip print, finger print and palatal rugae patterns with ABO blood groups were collected and compared using Chi square test. The data was analysed using SPSS version 10.0 statistical package. Results & Conclusion: Statistically significant correlation existed between lip print and ABO-Rh factors (?2statistic = 37.56, p value <0.05) and between finger prints and ABO-Rh factors (?2 statistic = 30.6, p value < 0.05). No association was found between palatal rugae with ABO-Rhesus blood groups (?2 statistic = 17.71, p value >0.05).

Author Biography

Srigiri Surath1, Sushma Bommanavar2, Sudha B Mattigatti3, Uzma Belgaumi4, Vidya Kadashetti2, Wasim Kamate2, Nupura Vibhute3

1BDS Student, School of Dental Sciences, 2Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, School of Dental Sciences, 3Associate Professor, Department of Conservative & Endodontics, School of Dental Sciences, 4Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, School of Dental Sciences, KIMS “Deemed to be University”, Karad

Published

2020-01-16

How to Cite

Srigiri Surath1, Sushma Bommanavar2, Sudha B Mattigatti3, Uzma Belgaumi4, Vidya Kadashetti2, Wasim Kamate2, Nupura Vibhute3. (2020). Original Article-Correlation and Comparison of Cheiloscopy, Dactyloscopy and Palatoscopy with Blood Groups among Dental Students From Western Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(1), 99-104. Retrieved from http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijfmt/article/view/21