Comparison of Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises and Conventional Therapy on Cardiac Parameters in Post CABG Subjects
Keywords:: post CABG, cardiac parameters, closed kinetic chain, oxygen saturation, blood pressure
Introduction: Cardiovascular disorders are public health problems worldwide. In industrialized world they are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has proved to be a major life saving operative method in cardiovascular disease. Physiotherapy interventions play major role in rehabilitation post CABG so the study was conducted with the aim to find the effect of closed kinetic chain exercises and conventional therapy on cardiac parameters in post CABG subjects. Method: In this comparative study 20 subjects were treated for post CABG subjects between the age group of 40-50 years. Group A were given conventional treatment and Group B were given Closed Kinetic Chain exercise. The pre and post -test was measure blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate, oxygen saturation and borg scale. Results: The statistical analysis for conventional therapy pre and post week1 day 1-systolic blood pressure(p=<0.0001), diastolic blood pressure(p=0.005), respiratory rate(p=0.001), heart rate(p=0.011), oxygen saturation(p=0.081) and borg scale(p=0.003). pre and post week6 day 3- diastolic blood pressure(p=0.018), respiratory rate(p=<0.0001), heart rate(p=0.005), systolic blood pressure(p=0.186), oxygen saturation(p=0.343) and borg scale(p=0). The statistical analysis for experimental group pre and post week1 day 1-heart rate (p=0.01) diastolic blood pressure(p=0.002), systolic blood pressure(p=<0.0001), respiratory rate(p=<0.0001),borg scale(p=0.0007), oxygen saturation (p=0.508). pre and post week6 day 3-borg scale(p=0), diastolic blood pressure(p=0.051),heart rate (p=<0.0001), respiratory rate(p=<0.0001), systolic blood pressure(p=0.26) and oxygen saturation(p=0.34).The study had found that conventional therapy is more effective than experimental group. Conclusion: The study concluded that conventional treatment is more effective than closed kinetic chain exercises. However, it cannot be stated that CKC has no effect because of its additional benefits on functional capacity (improve joint integrity). Therefore, it can be concluded that further studies can evaluate the improvement noted with a right combination of both and obtain greater benefit
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