The relationship between smoking and Urokinase gene 3’-UTR T/C expression on occurrence of bladder cancer

Authors

  • Zainab Nizar Jawad 1, Kamal Abdul Rasool 1, Weaam Awad 2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i2.2926

Keywords:

CA bladder DNA, cigarette smoking, Urokinase gene 3’-UTR T/C, real time PCR.

Abstract

Bladder cancer (CA Bladder) is the malignancy that affects the lining of the bladder (which is the most common types of urinary epithelial cancers that associated with the most invasive types of cancers and has the highest incidence of recurrence and infections). This study was designed to investigate the role of cigarette smoking on expression of urokinase gene that has a prominent role in the incidence of CA bladder. The samples were collected from 90 patients after being clinically diagnosed by the specialist surgeon of Imam Hussein Center for Cancer Diseases, Holy Kerbala, Iraq who were heavily smokers (more than one pocket/day). These patients were compared to 90 non-smoker patients with CA bladder and 90 persons who apparently healthy individuals as a control groups, DNA was extracted from all blood samples. The level of gene expression was correlated with cycle threshold value calculated by using real time PCR. The results showed significant association between smoking and occurrence of CA bladder (by increased expression of urokinase 3’-UTR T/C gene) in comparison to both control and non-smoker patients groups

Author Biography

Zainab Nizar Jawad 1, Kamal Abdul Rasool 1, Weaam Awad 2

1Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Sciences, University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq, 2 College of Medicine, University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq

Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

Zainab Nizar Jawad 1, Kamal Abdul Rasool 1, Weaam Awad 2. (2020). The relationship between smoking and Urokinase gene 3’-UTR T/C expression on occurrence of bladder cancer. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(2), 657-659. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i2.2926