Phytochemical Study and Evaluation of Iraqi Fennel Seed Oil as Antibacterial of Urinary Tract Infection
Keywords:fennel seeds , antibacterial activity , phytochemical screening , GC analysis
Objective : This study were designed by investigation of active compounds of the fennel seeds in Iraqi plant and determined the terpenes compounds by gas chromatography analysis and finally shown the biological activity of the volatile oil of fennel seeds upon different pathogenic bacteria which isolated from patients suffered from urinary tract infection . Methods: in this study we used different methods and different solvent for extract the active compounds such as clavenger for volatile oil , decoction and Soxhlet for main other active compounds . Results : The results of this study had shown that bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Streptococcus spp and Salmonella spp. were more resistant to The volatile oil of fennel seed than bacteria such as., Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli . five compounds were identified from the n-hexane extract of volatile oil of fennel seeds .Anethole was in maximum content (43.13 %) in retention time 13.762, followed by Estragole (40.84 %) in retention time 12.062 , , 1,6, octadien-3-ol ,3,7-dimethyl (3.71%) in retention time 9.937 , l-fenchone compounds (3.49%) in retention time 9.645 and the minimum one is d-limonene (1.28%) in retention time 8.435 .
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions