Antibacterial Activity and Phytochemical Screening of Iraqi Taraxcum Officinale L
Keywords:Taraxacum officinale , stomata , phytochemical screening
Objective: The objective of this research is to identify the microscopic Characteristics in plant extraction by detecting effective component and examine of antibacterial vitality. Procedure: Taraxacum officinale leaf was gathering of Baghdad city . After the prepare the leaf and the preparation and scrub and then dried we extracted by the SOXHLET device where we use 90% ethanol. This pharmacological study includes microscopy and a chemical screening using reagent .Through the diffusion method an antibacterial evaluation of the leaf extract was detected. in this treatise was used diverse bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiela pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli , Enterococcus faecalis and Streptococcus spp.. Outcomes: An outcome indicates the presence in the top and down surface of the leaf type of stomata is the stomatal actinocytic while non-glandular trichome is found only above the top surface of the leaf. As the outcome of microscopic screening of the forms of fiber that the indicators for the top area of the leaf was 18%, while the down region was 31% for the leaf. The Initial outcome of chemical plant screening for plant leaf was revealed existence at Tannins, Saponins,Terpenoids and Alkaloids component .The outcome of effectiveness against bacteria in the search was offered showed diverse activity against all bacterial species within search.
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