An Investigation into the Effect of Multimedia Training on the Knowledge and Self-Efficacy of Children with Asthma

Authors

  • Ahmadreza Zarei1, Afshin Ostovar2, Fatemeh Alhani3, Faezeh Jahanpour4

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i2.3059

Keywords:

self-efficacy, knowledge, multimedia, asthma, children

Abstract

Introduction: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases among children is a global health issue and its rising trend has caused concern about the health system. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of multimedia education on the knowledge and self-efficacy of children with asthma in Bushehr. Method: semi-experimental study. The research community included all children under the age of 12 years with asthma. The samples were selected by available method of 50 people and then divided into two experimental and control groups by simple random method. The data collection tools included questionnaires of demographic data, knowledge and self-efficacy in children with asthma. Validity and reliability of the instruments were measured and then multimedia training was run for the experimental group. Data analysis was performed by SPSS 18 and Mann–Whitney U test. Findings: the mean scores of knowledge and self-efficacy of the research samples in the experimental group increased after multimedia training, so there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p <0.001). Conclusion: Education of children with asthma through multimedia has led to increasing knowledge and self-efficacy. Therefore, considering the effectiveness of multimedia education in children training with asthma, it is recommended that this educational method are used for other chronic childhood diseases.

Author Biography

Ahmadreza Zarei1, Afshin Ostovar2, Fatemeh Alhani3, Faezeh Jahanpour4

1MSc Student in Nursing, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran, 2Associate Professor, The Persian Gulf Tropical medicine research center Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, 3Professor in Nursing Dept. Faculity of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University.Tehran, Iran, 4Associate Professor, Nursing faculty. Bushehr University of Medical Sciences

Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

Ahmadreza Zarei1, Afshin Ostovar2, Fatemeh Alhani3, Faezeh Jahanpour4. (2020). An Investigation into the Effect of Multimedia Training on the Knowledge and Self-Efficacy of Children with Asthma. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(2), 1135-1140. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i2.3059