Device-associated Infections (DAIs) in ICU: Using new CDC/ NHSN definitions
Keywords:Device associated infection; antimicrobial resistance; intensive care unit
Surveillance of device-associated infections (DAIs) in intensive-care units (ICUs) is essential for a suitable healthcare strategy-planning. This study was conducted to determine the DAIs rate, microbial epidemiology, and antimicrobial resistance pattern (AMR) in ICU. Three major DAIs, ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP), catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), and central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) were assessed prospectively during 6 months (2018 March 21 to September 22) in an 18-bed ICU of a tertiary teaching hospital in Tehran according to new CDC/NHSN definitions for surveillance of DAIs. The incidence of VAP, CAUTI, and CLABSI were 38.2, 8.9, and 13.5 per 1000 device-days respectively. The most organisms were Acinetobacter baumannii (34.9%), Klebsiella pneumonia (19%), E.coli (10.7%), Candida (10.7%), Enterococcus Spp. (8.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (8.7%), and Staphylococcus aureus (2.9%). Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing was 47.4%. Acinetobacter resistance to Ampicillin-sulbactam and carbapenems was 80.6% and more than 90% respectively. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was 66.6% and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) was 88.9%. This study showed high incidence of DAIs and resistant organisms in the ICU. Preventive measures are essential to decrease the rates.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions