Nurses’ Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Surgical Site Infections at Baghdad Cardiac Centers and Hospitals
Keywords:Nursing knowledge, Surgical Site Infections.
Background: Surgical site infections (SSIs), are defined as infections that occur within 30 days of the operation, Nosocomial infection, also called hospital acquired infection occur in patient who are admitted in Hospital for a long or short period of time which leading to cause of morbidity and death, therefore, we decided to establish the extent of knowledge of Surgical site infections Prevention among nurses at Baghdad Cardiac Centers and Hospitals. Objectives: the study aimed to assess the nurse’s knowledge regarding prevention of surgical site infections and to find out the relationship between Nurses’ Knowledge and some of demographic data (age, gender, level of education, years of experiences, and training session). Methods: Across- sectional study was conducted in the period of December 16th, 2018 up to the end of 18th June, 2019. A purposive sample consisted of (50) nurses were selected out of two cardiac centers and one cardiac hospital in Baghdad city. The data collected was analyzed by using SPSS version 20.0 the study instrument consist of two major sections were constructed it is based on the review of literatures. First one is concerned with demographic data for sample, and the second section is knowledge, The extent of knowledge concerning SSI was determined using multiple-choice questionnaires covering the nurse’s knowledge, Question tools is composed of (23) items, reliability and validity of the questionnaire was determined through the analysis of pilot study. Data were collected through the use of self-report method, which analyzed through two statistical approaches. They are descriptive statistical analysis (frequencies, percentage) and inferential statistical analysis (Chi-Square). Results: the findings of study reveals the study sample reveals that most of the sample (78%) were in age group (25-35) years and most them (52%) were female, the majority of the sample (68%) were married and most of them (42%) were nursing college graduate, the high percent (90%) of them having participation in training session, the majority of their nursing experience in general were (42%) from (1-5) years and most of them (66%) have experience in cardiac care unit from (1-5) years. Conclusions: most of the study sample has moderate knowledge regarding prevention of surgical site infection in Baghdad cardiac centers and hospitals. Recommendation: on the basis of the results of the study the researcher recommends that further research needed with large sample, to find out more result relationships and in different area. And special training programs should be designed and constructed for nurses in these areas to increase their skills.
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