Prevalence of Histopathological Diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Breast Lesions in Al-Muthanna Province for Two Years Duration
Keywords:Prevalence, histopathological diagnosis, breast lesions, Al-muthanna province
Introduction: Breast cancer (BC) is a common form of cancer among women globally. It is considered 5th cause of death in females with equally to 522,000 patients / year. Nowadays it is considered 15.4% of death in developed countries after lung cancer. In developing nations, breast cancer considered the 1st cause of death for females 324,000 cases of deaths (14.3%) for total deaths. Method: One hundred and six female patients with breast lesion were collected from the Al-Hussein Teaching Hospital Laboratory/Histopathology department –Al-Muthanna province, during the period from January 2018 to January 2020. The data for cases were collected to study the age, type of breast lesion whether benign or malignant. Haematoxylin/ Eosin staining done in Al-Hussein Teaching Hospital Laboratory / Histopathology department. Results: Cross sectional study for 106 patients done in Al- Muthanna proven for assessment breast mass and identify malignant and benign lesion, mean age of patients was (39.4 ± 15.8) years old, with min age 13 years and max age was 81 years old. Types of biopsy taken from surgeon were 71% excisional biopsy, 21% mastectomy and 8% true cut biopsy. After pathological assessment of biopsies showed 51% malignant and 49% benign. In addition, this assessment distributed as following: fibroadenoma 31.1%, IDC/ grade II 29.2%, IDC/ grade III 9.4%, ILC and fibrocystic changes 5.7% and IDC grade I 3.8% and other types of malignant and benign after pathological assessment. Significant association between age groups and cancer of breast. Conclusion: After pathological assessment of biopsies, malignant breast cancer (IDC/ grade II, IDC/ grade III, ILC and fibrocystic changes) most common changes, significant association between age group and breast cancer development more age group 41- 50 years old and then (31- 40), (51– 60) years old respectively.
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