Prevalence of Histopathological Diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Breast Lesions in Al-Muthanna Province for Two Years Duration

Authors

  • Sarah Ali Abed1; Ali Adnan Jabbar2; Roaa Salih Mahdi3; Ali Mohammed Khaleel4; Suha Suhiel Hussein5; Maha Khadum Ghayadh6

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i2.3342

Keywords:

Prevalence, histopathological diagnosis, breast lesions, Al-muthanna province

Abstract

Introduction: Breast cancer (BC) is a common form of cancer among women globally. It is considered 5th cause of death in females with equally to 522,000 patients / year. Nowadays it is considered 15.4% of death in developed countries after lung cancer. In developing nations, breast cancer considered the 1st cause of death for females 324,000 cases of deaths (14.3%) for total deaths. Method: One hundred and six female patients with breast lesion were collected from the Al-Hussein Teaching Hospital Laboratory/Histopathology department –Al-Muthanna province, during the period from January 2018 to January 2020. The data for cases were collected to study the age, type of breast lesion whether benign or malignant. Haematoxylin/ Eosin staining done in Al-Hussein Teaching Hospital Laboratory / Histopathology department. Results: Cross sectional study for 106 patients done in Al- Muthanna proven for assessment breast mass and identify malignant and benign lesion, mean age of patients was (39.4 ± 15.8) years old, with min age 13 years and max age was 81 years old. Types of biopsy taken from surgeon were 71% excisional biopsy, 21% mastectomy and 8% true cut biopsy. After pathological assessment of biopsies showed 51% malignant and 49% benign. In addition, this assessment distributed as following: fibroadenoma 31.1%, IDC/ grade II 29.2%, IDC/ grade III 9.4%, ILC and fibrocystic changes 5.7% and IDC grade I 3.8% and other types of malignant and benign after pathological assessment. Significant association between age groups and cancer of breast. Conclusion: After pathological assessment of biopsies, malignant breast cancer (IDC/ grade II, IDC/ grade III, ILC and fibrocystic changes) most common changes, significant association between age group and breast cancer development more age group 41- 50 years old and then (31- 40), (51– 60) years old respectively.

Author Biography

Sarah Ali Abed1; Ali Adnan Jabbar2; Roaa Salih Mahdi3; Ali Mohammed Khaleel4; Suha Suhiel Hussein5; Maha Khadum Ghayadh6

1Lecturer, College of Medicine, Al-muthanna University/Iraq, 2 Ass. Prof. Dr. College of Medicine, Al-muthanna University/Iraq, 3Lecturer, College of Medicine, University of Babylon/Iraq, 4Dr. Specialist F.I.B.M.S., Babylon health director /MOH/Iraq, 5Dr. Specialist M.SC., Al- Muthanna health director/MOH/Iraq, 6Dr. MD (MPATH, USM, MALASIA), Al- Muthanna Health Director/MOH/Iraq

Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

Sarah Ali Abed1; Ali Adnan Jabbar2; Roaa Salih Mahdi3; Ali Mohammed Khaleel4; Suha Suhiel Hussein5; Maha Khadum Ghayadh6. (2020). Prevalence of Histopathological Diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Breast Lesions in Al-Muthanna Province for Two Years Duration. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(2), 2202-2208. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i2.3342