Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Wave One Gold, F6 SkyTaper, One Curve, and AF Blue R3 NiTi Rotary Instrumentation Systems
Keywords:Endodontics instrumentation, cyclic fatigue resistant
Objective: This in vitro study is aimed to compare and evaluate the cyclic fatigue of four varying NiTi rotary instrumentation systems. Method: In this study, four types of rotary files were used in four groups (10 files for each group), namely, Group A: Wave One Gold; Group B: AF Blue R3; Group C: One Curve; Group D: F6 SkyTaper. These groups were evaluated by a cyclic fatigue apparatus to measure cyclic fatigue resistance within the artificial metallic simulating canal that has a 60° angle of curvature, the curvature radius was 5 mm, whereas the inner diameter of the canal was 1.5 mm. All the files were rotated in artificial canals until they fracture. The resistance to cyclic fatigue was determined by counting the number of cycles to fracture, and the time to failure was recorded in seconds then transformed to minutes. In addition to that the fractured fragment length was evaluated. Results: One-way analysis of variance test showed a significant difference (P<0.001) in the average values of cycle number and time needed for file fracture and average fractured portion length among all groups. The t-test results indicate a significant difference (P<0.001) among all groups. Conclusions: The study concluded that with an apical curvature of an artificial canal with an angle curvature of 60°, AF Blue R3 and F6 SkyTaper instruments exhibit a higher resistance to cyclic fatigue than One Curve and Wave One Gold files most possibly due to surface and alloy feature variation.
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