Study of Salivary Matrix to Estimate Ovulation
Keywords:saliva, ferning, ovulation, menstrual cycle, pregnancy
Introduction - The phenomenon of ovulation is a crucial phenomenon in evolution. Many modalities to
detect the same have been developed and time tested. Each of them have their advantages and linked with
some shortcomings. This article unravels one more physical property of saliva which is characteristic during
the menstrual cycle.
Aim - To study the salivary matrix in women during the course of menstrual cycle.
Materials and method- Early morning salivary smear was obtained from the subjects. They were made
to spit and spread the drop of saliva on slide and fix it using the alcohol spray. Each slide was labeled and
assessed under the microscope with 10X magnification. The slides labeled were assessed for ferning on first
day of the menstruation cycle till the beginning of next menstruation cycle.
Result - The salivary smear showed varied patterns in salivary matrix during the entire course of menstrual
Conclusion - Ferning assessment is basically a qualitative test of saliva which will be evident around
ovulation. This test can be used to plan pregnancy. It cannot be used to prevent pregnancy. An appropriate
reagent or kit needs to be developed in order to identify this unique phenomenon.