Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry <p><strong>Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry</strong> is a double blind peer reviewed international journal which has commenced its publication from January 2013. The journal is half yearly in frequency. The journal covers all aspects of odontology including Forensic Odontology. The journal has been assigned ISSN 2320-5806 (Print Version) and ISSN 2320-5962 (Online Version). The journal is covered by many international data bases.</p> <p>This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd en-US Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry 2320-5806 Different Techniques For Sinus Floor Elevation: A Review Part II – Indirect Techniques <p>The bone available for implant placement may be limited by the presence of the maxillary sinus together<br>with loss of alveolar bone height and it may be increased by augmentation. Minimally invasive sinus<br>augmentation is an effective solution for this problem. This review explains indirect sinus augmentation<br>procedures which are less invasive and highly successful if done using prescribed technique.</p> Nitin Kothari Vivek Jadhav Snigdha Patil Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 9 1 1 4 10.37506/ijocd.v9i1.13970 Assessment of Capability of Lithium Disilicate Glass Ceramics to Reproduce the A2 Shade and to Mask A4 Substrates <p>Aim: Capability of lithium disilicate glass ceramics to reproduce the A2 shade and to mask A4 substrates.<br>Materials and Method: 32 lithium disilicate ceramic specimens were classified materials into 8 groups<br>of 4 each. Group I- III high translucency (HT) monolayer discs, group IV- VI had low translucency (LT)<br>monolayer discs, group VII- VIII had medium translucency (MO) bilayer discs. A2 shade tab shade guide<br>(VITA classical A1-D4) was used for CIE L*a*b* measurements of control. Color differences using thresholds<br>was as follows: for imperceptible (?E &lt; 1.0), perceptible (1.0 &lt; ?E &lt; 3.3), and clinically unacceptable (?E<br>&gt; 3.3) differences.<br>Results: ?E in group IV exhibited highest (9.92±0.21) and group III lowest (8.08± 0.25) value. When the<br>complex was compared to the A4 substrate, significant difference among all groups (p &lt; 0.05) was found.<br>?E values when the complex was compared to the A2 shade tab, group III exhibited highest (4.82±0.16)<br>and group V lowest (0.72±0.06) value. In groups I specimens had acceptable differences, group II had<br>perceptible differences, group III had perceptible differences, group IV had acceptable differences, group V<br>had imperceptible differences, group VI and VII had acceptable differences and group VIII had imperceptible<br>differences.<br>Conclusion: Authors suggested to use LT ceramics with less thickness in the range of 0.5 mm- 0.7 mm to<br>mask discoloration.</p> Samarla Aruna Kumari Averneni Prema Latha Prema Latha Naveen Reddy Rohit Sharma Mahesh Melkundi Deepa Babji Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 9 1 5 9 10.37506/ijocd.v9i1.13971 An Contemporary Techniques for Recording Severely Resorbed Mandibular Ridge: A Case Report <p>Resorption of mandibular ridges is a multifactorial and biomechanical disease that is chronic, progressive,<br>irreversible, and cumulative leading to loss of sulcular depth, vertical dimension loss, and decreased lower<br>facial height. Some common neurological, hormonal, and metabolic disorders affect the adaptability of<br>dentures, and this can be diagnosed by a trained prosthodontist with proper history-taking and clinical<br>examination. The denture becomes passive due to complex neuromuscular control and causes difficulties<br>in impression-making, mastication, and swallowing, which in turn leads to loss of retention and stability in<br>complete dentures. The loose and unstable lower complete denture is one of the most common problems<br>faced by denture patients. One of the methods used to solve this problem is the neutral zone technique.<br>Neutral zone technique is long being used for the management of severely resorbed mandibular ridges. The<br>piezography technique, a special functional approach is described in order to overcome the difficulties of the<br>mandibular denture. Piezography, prosthetic space recorded by pronunciation, can be used as a reference for<br>arrangement of artificial teeth and polishing surface of a denture.</p> Shivani Kotewar Nazish Baig Vivek Jadhav Prasad Adhapure Vishkha Patil Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 9 1 10 15 10.37506/ijocd.v9i1.13972 Prosthodontics in COVID-19 era: The Right Prospective <p>Since its emergence in December 2019, corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has impacted several<br>countries, affecting more than 90 thousand patients and making it a global public threat. The routes of<br>transmission are direct contact, and droplet and possible aerosol transmissions. Due to the unique nature<br>of dentistry, most dental procedures generate significant amounts of droplets and aerosols, posing potential<br>risks of infection transmission. Understanding the significance of aerosol transmission and its implications<br>in dentistry can facilitate the identification and correction of negligence in daily dental practice.</p> Snigdha Patil Babita Yeshwante Shivani Kotewar Nitin Kothari Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 9 1 16 24 10.37506/ijocd.v9i1.13973 Study of Salivary Matrix to Estimate Ovulation <p>Introduction - The phenomenon of ovulation is a crucial phenomenon in evolution. Many modalities to<br>detect the same have been developed and time tested. Each of them have their advantages and linked with<br>some shortcomings. This article unravels one more physical property of saliva which is characteristic during<br>the menstrual cycle.<br>Aim - To study the salivary matrix in women during the course of menstrual cycle.<br>Materials and method- Early morning salivary smear was obtained from the subjects. They were made<br>to spit and spread the drop of saliva on slide and fix it using the alcohol spray. Each slide was labeled and<br>assessed under the microscope with 10X magnification. The slides labeled were assessed for ferning on first<br>day of the menstruation cycle till the beginning of next menstruation cycle.<br>Result - The salivary smear showed varied patterns in salivary matrix during the entire course of menstrual<br>cycle.<br>Conclusion - Ferning assessment is basically a qualitative test of saliva which will be evident around<br>ovulation. This test can be used to plan pregnancy. It cannot be used to prevent pregnancy. An appropriate<br>reagent or kit needs to be developed in order to identify this unique phenomenon.</p> Sonal Vahanwala Crystal Miranda Shweta Rode Mandavi Waghmare Treville Pereira Sandeep Pagare Reema Manoj Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 9 1 25 31 10.37506/ijocd.v9i1.13974 Different Techniques for Sinus Floor Elevation: A Review Part I – Direct Techniques <p>Insufficient bone volume is a common problem encountered in the rehabilitation of the edentulous posterior<br>maxilla with implant?supported prostheses. Although adequate bone height can be achieved using various<br>maxillary sinus augmentation techniques, these procedures have been practiced successfully. However,<br>significant complications occur such as perforations or tearing. To maintain the integrity of Schneiderian<br>membrane subsequently increasing the success rate a retrospective analysis is carried out on various<br>techniques with complications which occur during and after treatment. This review will help the readers to<br>understand the intricacies of sinus augmentation by using direct techniques.</p> Vivek Jadhav Nitin Kothari Babita Yeshwante Nazish Baig Snigdha Patil Copyright (c) 2021 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 9 1 32 35 10.37506/ijocd.v9i1.13975 COVID 19 and Pediatric Dentistry- A Narrative Review <p>During the present health emergency linked to the pandemic caused by corona virus(COVID 19), the efficient<br>and safe management of children’s oral health presents a challenge to paediatric dentists. These challenges<br>can be overcome by emphasizing on the oral disease prevention methods, and by treating paediatric dental<br>emergencies efficiently. Along with rigorous and highly effective infection control protocols in dental clinical<br>setups, working on remote communication and health education aimed at maintaining the oral health of the<br>children assumes great importance. This article, after analysing the risk factors associated with pediatric<br>dental treatment due to COVID-19, presents a series of oral health promotion strategies, management<br>strategies for pediatric dental emergencies and of dental non emergencies. New approaches and models of<br>treatment based on remote interaction techniques will be discussed, which can be furthur modified and used<br>accordingly even after the end of the pandemic.</p> Aparna Hegde Prashant Babaji Shashibhushan K.K. Copyright (c) 2021 Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 9 1 36 45 10.37506/ijocd.v9i1.13976