Effect of Moist Heat Therapy on the Visibility and Palpability of Peripheral Veins Before Peripheral Venous Cannulation among Patients Undergoing Intravenous Cannulation- A Quasi Experimental Study


  • Kaur Moondeep1 , Kumar Anil2 , Dahuja Anshul3




Moist heat, conventional tourniquet technique, Vein Assessment scale


Hospitalization rate in India is increasing over years and treatment is given mostly via intravenous route.
Moist heat therapy for identifying vein before cannulation will reduce number of attempts for cannulation,
supply costs and will improve patient satisfaction. AIM: To assess the efficacy of moist heat therapy on
visibility and palpability of peripheral veins prior to intravenous cannulation. SETTINGS: Day care unit
(chemotherapy ward), Medicine and Orthopaedic wards of GGS hospital, Faridkot. MATERIAL AND
METHODS: Using Quasi experimental research design and convenient sampling 60 patients undergoing
I.V.cannulation whose veins were not visible and palpable were randomly assigned to experimental (n=30)
and conventional group (n=30). In experimental group moist heat therapy with conventional tourniquet
technique and in conventional group only tourniquet was used then post assessment was checked by Vein
Assessment Scale in both the groups. RESULTS: In experimental group, the post intervention vein assessment
score improved from pre intervention score 1-2 to 3-5 and in conventional group from score 1-2 to 1-4. After
intervention, in experimental group majority of subjects had vein score 4(vein visible and palpable), whereas
in conventional group majority scored vein score 3(vein barely visible and palpable). 7(23.3%) subjects of
experimental group scored vein score 5(vein clearly visible and palpable) whereas in conventional group no
subject scored 5 vein score. Also, 2(6.7%) subjects of this group had vein score 1 that remained unchanged
despite of routine technique. Difference between post intervention scores of experimental and conventional
group was found to be significant (?2= 20.06 and p-value 0.00) at p-value <0.05. CONCLUSION: Moist
heat with conventional tourniquet technique used in experimental group was significantly effective than only
conventional technique used in conventional group

Author Biography

Kaur Moondeep1 , Kumar Anil2 , Dahuja Anshul3

Tutor, Government G.N.M School of Nursing, Gurdaspur (Pb), India, 2
Associate Professor, University College
of Nursing, BFUHS, Faridkot (Pb), India, 3
Assistant professor, Department of Orthopaedics, G.G.S.M. & H,
Faridkot( Pb), India