Impact of Alternative Practicum Approach on Enhancing Paediatric Clinical Learning among Male Nursing Students in Oman


  • Salem Al Touby1 , Vanaja Muniswamy2 , Yusra Al Nasiri2 , Sheikha Al Sabari2 , Omar Al Omar2



Alternative care settings, Male nursing students, childcare, clinical learning, clinical practicums.


Objectives: The pursuit of providing competent childcare is an utmost concern of all nurses, despite cultural
issues. This study aimed to assess the impact of alternative practicum approach on improving paediatric
clinical learning among male nursing students in Oman compared to the traditional approach. Methods: A
quasi experimental design was conducted. Male nursing students from Oman Nursing Institute were divided
into two groups and allocated into two clinical settings; alternative practicum approach and traditional
practicum approach. Alternative care settings included areas like health centers, schools, emergency
and outpatient department, pediatric intensive care unit and post cardiac surgical unit, while traditional
setting referred to hospital general pediatric wards. Randomization of the only available third year male
General diploma nursing students (N= 19) were included. The traditional group (N=10) being the control
group during the first semester while that of alternative as experimental group (N= 9) during the second
semester. Both groups completed the semi-structured questionnaire that was duly validated by external
researchers, revealing the level of impact of alternative over traditional approaches and their preferences.
The level of extent of agreement between alternative and traditional approaches in terms of clinical learning,
providing child’s care, facilitating factors, barriers in providing childcare was identified. Results: Oneway ANOVA, version 24 was conducted and the results revealed a statistical significant difference in the
alternative practicum approach compared to the traditional approach (F= 59.989, P=.0002). The results
indicated that 56% of the students on the alternative practicum approach agreed that they were confident
in providing care to children in paediatric settings compared to the students on the traditional approach
(33). The findings also suggested that 89% of students in the alternative approach agreed to high extent
that the settings designed facilitated confidence as future pediatric nurse as well as fostered knowledge,
skills acquisitions and caring attributes of a pediatric nurse. It was found that cultural barrier was a main
issue in providing comprehensive care to children by male nursing students in pediatric clinical settings in
Oman. Conclusion: The study showed that the alternative practicum approach was effective. Male nursing
students felt confident in performing childcare skills in the absence of female gender in the area of clinical
settings, considering the sensitivity of culture. Partnerships with heath care team and community in giving
equal opportunities to male nursing students in the childcare practicums fosters a better milestone in nursing
education. Alternative paediatric clinical approach fostered confidence in male students as future paediatric
nurses. It also facilitated skills acquisitions and instilled in students the essence of caring to care for children.

Author Biography

Salem Al Touby1 , Vanaja Muniswamy2 , Yusra Al Nasiri2 , Sheikha Al Sabari2 , Omar Al Omar2

Associate Professor, Dean College of Pharmacy & Nursing, University of Nizwa, Oman, 2
Senior Tutor, 3
Professor, Oman College of Health Sciences, Nursing Program, MOH, Oman