Knowledge of Menstrual Hygiene among Adolescent Chepang School Girls in Makwanpur District Nepal
Keywords:Knowledge, Menstrual hygiene, Adolescent Chepang girls.
Background: Menstruation is a periodic discharge of blood, mucus lining of uterus through vagina which
occurs monthly from menarche till menopause for reproductive age women. Menstrual hygiene is an
important part of basic hygiene, sanitation and reproductive health. It is a vital aspect for health education
for adolescent girls to prevent the risk of reproductive tract infections.
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of educational intervention on knowledge of menstrual hygiene
among adolescent chepang school girls.
Methodology: Evaluative research approach with pre -experimental (one group pretest- posttest) research
design was used for the study. The study population was adolescent Chepang girls of chepang school of
Makwanpur district. Sample size of the study was 52. Non probability purposive sampling technique was
used to select the schools of Chepang girls. For data collection firstly pretest knowledge was assessed using
self-developed structured questionnaire and then structured teaching program was administered. After 7
days of teaching program, post test was conducted to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program.
Semi-structured Self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data was analyzed via SPSS
software version 16.
Result: During pretest 13.5% of girls had high knowledge on menstrual hygiene; 78.8% girls had medium
knowledge and 7.7% had poor knowledge, whereas in posttest 96.2% had high knowledge and 3.8% of girls
had medium knowledge. Mean score in pretest is 15.2308, whereas in posttest mean score is 23.2692.
Conclusion: Educational intervention on knowledge on menstrual hygiene was effective. So information
and education programme should be planned in a regular basis in backward community targeting to school
girls to improve knowledge on menstrual hygiene.