A Quasi Experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Information Education and Communication Package Regarding the Knowledge and Attitude on Bio Medical Waste Management among the GNM Students in Selected Schools of District Sonipat, Haryana


  • Asha Malik1, Meena Kumari2




Effectiveness, IEC package, Bio medical waste, bio medical waste management, Knowledge, Attitude.


“Let the Wastes of “The Sick” Not Contaminate the Lives of “The Healthy”.
The pioneer of modern Nursing, Miss. Florence Nightingale considers health is linked with environmental
factors like pure or fresh air, pure water, efficient drainage, cleanliness and light especially direct sunlight
hospitals and other health care facilities generates lots of waste which can transmit infections, particularly
HIV, Hepatitis B and C and tetanus, to the people who handle it or come in contact with it1.
According to WHO (World Health Organization) report 2013, around 85% of hospital waste is non
infectious, 10% is infective and remaining 5% is non infectious but hazardous. Biomedical waste should
be managed through a pathway that includes point of generation, storage, and segregation, collection,
processing, transportation, treatment and disposal. Nursing as a profession is now accountable of staff and
students nurses for competence and performance. The nurses spend maximum time with patients in the
ward than any other member of the health team, this increases their exposure and risk to the hazards present
in hospital environment, mainly biomedical waste they need to be well equipped with latest information,
skills and practice in managing this waste besides reducing hospital acquired infections to protect their own
health they are also responsible for preventing risk due to waste to the other members of health team and
community at large.2
Aims: The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of information education and communication package
regarding the knowledge and attitude on bio medical waste management among GNM students in selected
schools of district sonipat, Haryana.
Methodology: The research approach for this study was Quantitative and evaluative, the design used for
this study was Quasi experimental research design. Sample Size of the study was 80 GNM1st year students
selected by purposive sampling.
Conclusion: Near about more then half of the students had average level of knowledge 62.50% regarding
management of bio medical waste management and 57.50% had less favorable attitude on bio medical waste

Author Biography

Asha Malik1, Meena Kumari2

M.Sc. Nursing, Ved Nursing College Baroli Panipat, 2Nursing Tutor College of Nursing Pandit Deen Dayal
Upadahayay University of Health Sciences Karnal