Community Based Study to Assess the Knowledge and Attitude of General Population towards Organ Donation
Keywords:Organ donation, Knowledge, Attitude, Perception.
Introduction: Organ donation is the process of surgically removing an organ or tissue from one person (the
organ donor) and placing it into another person (the recipient). The study was conducted in urban and rural
communities of Delhi to assess the knowledge and attitude of general population towards organ donation.
Methodology: Quantitative approach and cross -sectional study design was used for conducting the study.
Purposive non-probability sampling technique was adopted to select the communities and the sample and
the sample size was 1089. Structured knowledge and attitude interview schedules were used to assess the
knowledge and attitude respectively regarding organ donation. Data was collected in home settings from
people above 18 years of age. Data was collected regarding background variables of study subjects and their
knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation.
Result: Sample characteristics revealed that 59.5% of respondents were females, 64%) were in the age group
of 18 to 35 years, 84.7% followed Hindu religion and 63.6% were educated up to secondary level or above.
Majority of subjects (78.6%) were aware that organ can be donated to save life of another person, while
38.8% subjects knew that organs can be donated both during life and after death. Majority of subjects were
aware that only eyes (76.7%) and kidney (63.5%) can be donated. Overall about 10.8% had good knowledge
and 55.5% had average knowledge about organ donation. Age, gender and education had statically significant
association with knowledge regarding organ donation with p-value less than 0.05. Majority (83.2%) had in
appropriate attitude towards organ donation. Statistically there was no significant association between level
of attitude with background variables namely age, gender, religion and education.
Conclusion: The findings of study revealed that general population had average knowledge about the organ
donation, but inappropriate attitude towards organ donation