The Correlation of Transport Time and Boarding Time to Unexpected Events During Transport of Emergency Patients to Critical Care Unit


  • Isti Wulandari1 , Kuswantoro Rusca Putra2 , Tony Suharsono2



Unexpected events, transport, time, emergency, patients


Background: Transport of emergency patients requires special attention because it has unexpected event
risks. The vulnerable emergency department situation with complex cases, limited resources and multidiscipline makes the transfer risky. The emergency department patients that are worth to be transferred to
inpatient rooms sometimes must wait until the referred rooms and their equipment are ready. Critical patients
are vulnerable to any worsening condition due to acceleration or deceleration of movements. This research
aims to find out the correlations among the nurses’ experiences, hemodynamics monitoring and equipment
preparation with unexpected things during transport of Emergency Patients to the Critical Care Unit.
Method: This quantitative study uses perspective-observational design. The sample consisted of 151
emergency patient transfer processes (the Emergency Department patients) that were transported to the
Critical Care Unit. The ages of the sample are older than 16-year-old. The exclusion criteria are patients
passing away in the Emergency Department or referred to other hospitals. The numerical data were analyzed
by the Eta test while the categorical data were analyzed by Cramer’s V test.
Results: From 151 observed patients, 119 patients experienced unexpected events. The bivariate analysis
shows correlation between transport time and unexpected event (F = 10.8, F table = 2.67, r = 0.425).
However, there is no correlation between boarding time in the Emergency Department to unexpected events
(p = 0.087, r = 0.208).
Conclusion: Longer transport time leads to a higher risk of unexpected event occurrence. The companion
officers should be able to prepare the patients properly, to ensure the routes of transport to be free, to promote
strict monitoring during the transport process.

Author Biography

Isti Wulandari1 , Kuswantoro Rusca Putra2 , Tony Suharsono2

1Student of Post Graduate Program, Nursing School, Faculty of Medicine, University of Brawijaya, Malang,
Indonesia, 2
Lecture of Post Graduate Program, Nursing School, Faculty of Medicine, University of Brawijaya,
Malang, Indonesia