Knowledge Assessment Regarding Transmission of HIV/AIDS among Adolescent in Selected Schools
Keywords:Assess,Knowledge, Transmission, HIV/AIDS.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is medical condition . A person is diagnosed with AIDS
when their immune system is too weak to fight off infection. AIDS is caused by HIV.
The first case of HIV in India was reported in 1986 from Madras. Since then there has been an increase in
the number of HIV infections over the years. As per the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), it is
estimated that about 3.8 million people were living with HIV and AIDS in India in the year 2000.
Exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be a consequence of many of the risk-taking
behaviors that occur among adolescents. Efforts to improve adolescent health through access to diagnosis,
treatment and prevention education must take into account the developmental level of the patient, as well as
social and psychological variables.
Descriptive study to assess the knowledge of hypertensive patients regarding Transmission of AIDS among
adolescence was conducted by researcher.
Objectives of the study:
• To assess the knowledge of adolescence regarding the transmission of HIV/AIDS.
• To find out the knowledge score towards mode of transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS and
selected socio demographic variables.
The major findings of the study are -In knowledge section, majority of adolescence 9 (30%) were having
good knowledge (09-12, marks with mean value 10.44), 8(26.7%) of them were having average knowledge
(05-08, marks with mean value 6.87), 7(23.3%) of them were having poor knowledge (00-04 marks with
mean value 3.57), 6(20%) of them having excellent knowledge (13-15 marks with mean value 13.3).
It can be concluded that majority of adolescence have average knowledge and it can be improved by doing
effective adolescence health teaching in various health centers and community areas.