Factors affecting Quality of Life (QoL) in Breast Cancer Patients : A Case Study at King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
Keywords:Cross-sectional study, QoL, QoL instrument, physical well being, psychological; well being, social well being, spiritual well being, independent t-test, ANOVA analysis.
Globally Cancer is the second leading cause of death and approximately 9.6 million deaths due to cancer
in 2018. Approximately about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer globally. In low and middle-income countries
approximately 70% of deaths are due to cancer. Some common cancers in Indian women are Breast, Cervix,
Ovary, Mouth & Esophagus, Colorectal and other cancers. Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among
women across the World as well as in India. Although rapid advancement, mammography & screening has
increased rate of survival but women who survive continue to face medical, physical, social and psychosocial
challenges. Evaluation of quality of life is also important for understanding the effect of treatment and how
much different factors affect quality of life of the breast cancer patients.
This paper aims to predict Quality of Life (QoL) in breast cancer patients using various physical,
psychological, social and spiritual domains. This descriptive and cross sectional study was undertaken to
determine the factors affecting quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer patients. Patient’s response and hospital
records analyses the dimensions which affects quality of life among breast cancer patients in the state of
Uttar Pradesh. Findings suggest strong relationship between clinical and socio-demographical factors and
breast cancer patients’ QoL. This study demonstrates the strength of the relationship between education
and physical well-being, education with social well-being and education with spiritual well-being. A strong
relationship was found between marital status and spiritual well being. A strong relationship was found
between clinical stage and spiritual well being. A good relationship was found between tumor stage and
social and spiritual well being. A strong relationship was also found between type of treatment and physical,
psychological and social well being. This study fills a gap in the literature related to QoL in Indian women
suffering from carcinoma breast.