Effects of Positive HIV Status Disclosure on Sexual Behaviour Change

Authors

  • Jonathan Taiswa1, Erastus Lewis Mukhisa1, Rukia Omolloh1, Dolphine Mochache1, Joyce Atieno Nyacharo1, Brian Barasa Masaba2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11332

Abstract

Introduction: Disclosure of HIV serostatus is critical to controlling the spread of HIV, and understanding
the experience for disclosure enhances the development of prevention interventions and ultimately leads to
better control of the spread of the disease. The present narrative review aimed to synthesize literature on the
effects of positive HIV status disclosure on sexual behaviour change.
Method: Anarrative review design was utilized. Literature search of articles was from the following
databases; Scopus, Science Direct, PUBMED, OVID and Google scholar. The searches were conducted
from August 2019 to June 2020. The qualitative analysis was used to presented data into themes.
Results: The main findings were discussed under four thematic domains: 1) disclosure, 2) number of sexual
partners, 3) type of sexual partners and 4) use condoms.
Conclusion: The narrative review presents evidence on; how patients revealing their HIV positive status
to their sexual partner(s), family members, or others in their social circle are associated to better, less risky
sexual behaviors. This finding implies that when people living with HIV disclose their status, they are most
likely to; 1) have less sexual partners, 2) use condoms and 3) minimize casual/temporary sex. The behavior
change brought by the positive HIV status disclosure can significantly reduce the transmission of HIV within
the society.

Author Biography

Jonathan Taiswa1, Erastus Lewis Mukhisa1, Rukia Omolloh1, Dolphine Mochache1, Joyce Atieno Nyacharo1, Brian Barasa Masaba2

1Masters Nursing Student, Department of Clinical Nursing and Health Informatics, Masinde Muliro University of
Science and Technology, Kenya, 2Doctoral Fellow, Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa,
South Africa

Published

2020-10-15