Risk Perception and Precautionary Behaviour Against Covid-19 Pandemic among Health Workers in Calabar, Nigeria
Keywords:Risk perception, Precautionary behaviour, COVID-19, Pandemic, Health workers.
This study aimed at assessing risk perception and precautionary behaviour against COVID-19 pandemic
among health workers. Through descriptive cross-sectional survey, 400 respondents were conveniently
sampled to elicit data using respondent’s self-administered questionnaire designed by the researchers. Data
collection which spanned through two months were collected, cleaned, sorted, coded, inputted and analyzed
using SPSS version 20 software. Association between risk perception and precautionary behaviour was
tested using Chi-square statistics significant at 95% confidence level. Results were presented in descriptive
and inferential statistics. Risk perception and the feeling of being very susceptible to contracting COVID-19
was high 382 (95.5%). This created a spike in improved and positive precautionary behaviour 398 (99.5%)
by strict adherence to consistent use of Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs) amidst the COVID-19
pandemic. To majority 339 (84.8%), the frequently use of PPEs was to prevent COVID-19 and other hospitalrelated diseases while for some 312 (78.0%), the consistent use of PPEs has been habitual. The study found
a significant association between risk perception and precautionary behaviour of healthcare workers against
COVID-19 pandemic (P < 0.001; df = 1; Chi-square = 11.280). There is need for healthcare workers to
continue in the habit of always being conscious in the use of their PPEs even after the COVID-19 pandemic.
This is because, there are still and may still be re-emerging diseases that needs to be prevented. Therefore,
there is need for healthcare workers to always be proactive and be at alert at all times because the healthcare
setting is like a war front for all manner of diseases where the first attack or target is the healthcare worker.
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