The Distribution Pattern of Covid-19 in Indonesia: Study Using Spatial Autocorelation

Authors

  • Mahmudah
  • R. Azizah
  • Warih Kusumaningtyas
  • Mohd. Talib Latif
  • Cendana Fitrahanjani
  • Fairuz Haniyah Ramadhani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijone.v13i2.14628

Keywords:

COVID-19, Moran’s Index, Local indicator of spatial association

Abstract

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. The spread of several types of
diseases, including COVID-19, is influenced by location or spatial factor. The purpose of this research was
to examine the spatial relationship among the spread of COVID-19 in Indonesia. Secondary data is used
from the Indonesian Ministry of Health website. The data analyzed was the cumulative number of positive
cases of COVID-19 in Indonesia until October 19th, 2020. Spatial Autocorrelation, Moran’s Index, and
Local indicators of spatial association (LISA) were used to examine these relationships. Geoda software
was used in performing spatial statistical analysis. The spread of the cumulative number of COVID-19
cases in Indonesia is spatially related, with a Moran’s Index value of 0.251. Four provinces have significant
LISA scores, namely South Sumatra, Banten, West Java, and South Sulawesi. South Sumatera is relatively
safe since it is located in the an area with relatively low COVID-19 cases. West Java is perilouse with high
COVID-19 cases and surrounded by an area with a high number of cases. Banten needs to be vigilant of
the high number of cases’ possibility since the surrounded area can be the main influence. South Sulawesi
has a very high number of COVID-19 cases, which can be the new source of infection for the surrounding
areas. The Indonesian government needs to act on a regulation in order to decrease COVID-19 distribution
by limiting people’s commute between provinces.

Author Biographies

Mahmudah

Associate Professor, , Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

R. Azizah

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Warih Kusumaningtyas

Practitioner, Anwar Medika Hospital, Sidoarjo, Indonesia

Mohd. Talib Latif

Professor, Faculty of Science and Technology,Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia and Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya,Indonesia

Cendana Fitrahanjani

Researcher, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Fairuz Haniyah Ramadhani

Researcher, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2021-03-31