Effect of Incentive Spirometry on Recovery of Post-Operative Patients: Pre Experimental Study
Keywords:Effectiveness, Incentive spirometry, Postoperative Patients, Postoperative Recovery
Objective: Post-operative care is management of patients after any surgery. The main goal of post-operative
care is to prevent complications i.e. atelectasis and infection. The other objective is early healing of the
surgical incision and return of patient to a state of health. About 17% to 88% of people in postoperative
duration will have decreased lung volumes. This decreased lung volume problem can be solved with use
of incentive spirometry in postoperative period on Day 1. Incentive spirometer is perioperative respiratory
therapy given to postoperative patients to improve lung volume of patients and hasten recovery of patients
also. The main aim of study were to identify effect of Incentive spirometry on postoperative patient’s
Method: It was pre-experimental study with pretest- posttest design only, which was done on post-operative
patients at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh.
Results: Majority (52 %) of participants were 41 to 50 years age group. Male and female ratio for
participants were 46:54. Paired ‘t’ test p value i.e. 0.00* with CI [0.72, 1.03] showed that on Pretest and Day
3 Performance level on incentive spirometry of participants showed a significant value, which indicate that
spirometer enhance recovery of post-operative patients by increasing their lung volumes.
Conclusions: This study revealed that incentive spirometry is effective in improving of pulmonary function
among post-operative patients, which further improves blood circulation and hasten early recovery of
surgical wound. This spirometry should be integral part of Post-operative care. All nurses who are involved
in Postoperative units should encourage patients to do it on regular basis and document it as a vital sign.
Good compliance to incentive spirometry can improve better outcome of patient’s.