International Journal of Nursing Education <p> <strong>International Journal of Nursing Education</strong> is an international double blind peer reviewed journal. It publishes articles related to nursing and midwifery. The purpose of the journal is to bring advancement in nursing education. The journal publishes articles related to specialities of nursing education, care and practice. The journal has been assigned international standard serial numbers 0974-9349 (print) and 0974-9357 (electronic). The journal is covered by many international databases. </p> <div> <p>This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> <p> </p> </div> Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd en-US International Journal of Nursing Education 0974-9349 Assess the Prevalence of Dementia in the Elderly at Srm General Hospital, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District <p>Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Dementia among Elderly and to associate<br>the level of Dementia with their Demographic Variables.<br>Method: Quantitative approach and non-experimental descriptive research design was used. The data<br>collection included three parts. Part A: Demographic variables, Part B: Four point rating scale to assess the<br>Level of Dementia among elderly. A total of 100 students who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were chosen as<br>samples using non-probability convenient sampling technique. The study was conducted at SRM General<br>hospital, Kattankulathur.<br>Results: The data were analyzed and interpreted based on the objectives using descriptive and inferential<br>statistics. The study concluded that 28 (28%) of them have same than Normal level of Dementia; 50 (50%)<br>have Worse than Normal level of Dementia; and 22 (22%) have Much Worse than Normal level of Dementia<br>and there is association between the “Age, Education, Occupation, Family Income, Residence and No of<br>Children with the “levels of Dementia.<br>Conclusion: Dementia is progressive brain dysfunction which result in a restriction of daily activities. The<br>early stage of dementia is often overlooked and incorrectly labeled as normal old age outcomes.</p> Abirami P.1 , Sangeetha Jagdeesh2 , Sanabam Darshinichanu3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 1 5 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11204 Learning Environment Stressors and Coping Styles among Nursing Students <p>Stress is non-ended problem associated with learning. Coping styles are the only approaches that help<br>students to overcome the stress and enhance the educational success. The study aimed to identify stress are<br>as and coping styles of nursing students. A descriptive research design was used. 118 nursing students were<br>asked to fill out the questionnaire. The highly learning environment stressors were coming from assignments<br>and workload (12.14+4.19) and taking care of patients (10.14+4.19). The highly used coping styles were<br>religion (3.28 + 1.0), Acceptance (3.06 + 0.89) and active coping (2.92 + 0.68).. It can be concluded that the<br>clinical workload found in the courses is the common stressor for last year students.</p> Amal Ismael Abdelhafez1,2, Nermine M. Elcokany1,3, Asmaa Saber Ghaly1,3, Fahima Akhter Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 6 14 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11209 A Quasi Experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Information Education and Communication Package Regarding the Knowledge and Attitude on Bio Medical Waste Management among the GNM Students in Selected Schools of District Sonipat, Haryana <p>“Let the Wastes of “The Sick” Not Contaminate the Lives of “The Healthy”.<br>The pioneer of modern Nursing, Miss. Florence Nightingale considers health is linked with environmental<br>factors like pure or fresh air, pure water, efficient drainage, cleanliness and light especially direct sunlight<br>hospitals and other health care facilities generates lots of waste which can transmit infections, particularly<br>HIV, Hepatitis B and C and tetanus, to the people who handle it or come in contact with it1.<br>According to WHO (World Health Organization) report 2013, around 85% of hospital waste is non<br>infectious, 10% is infective and remaining 5% is non infectious but hazardous. Biomedical waste should<br>be managed through a pathway that includes point of generation, storage, and segregation, collection,<br>processing, transportation, treatment and disposal. Nursing as a profession is now accountable of staff and<br>students nurses for competence and performance. The nurses spend maximum time with patients in the<br>ward than any other member of the health team, this increases their exposure and risk to the hazards present<br>in hospital environment, mainly biomedical waste they need to be well equipped with latest information,<br>skills and practice in managing this waste besides reducing hospital acquired infections to protect their own<br>health they are also responsible for preventing risk due to waste to the other members of health team and<br>community at large.2<br>Aims: The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of information education and communication package<br>regarding the knowledge and attitude on bio medical waste management among GNM students in selected<br>schools of district sonipat, Haryana.<br>Methodology: The research approach for this study was Quantitative and evaluative, the design used for<br>this study was Quasi experimental research design. Sample Size of the study was 80 GNM1st year students<br>selected by purposive sampling.<br>Conclusion: Near about more then half of the students had average level of knowledge 62.50% regarding<br>management of bio medical waste management and 57.50% had less favorable attitude on bio medical waste<br>management.</p> Asha Malik1, Meena Kumari2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 15 20 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11210 The Effects of the Interprofessional Education on Readiness for Interprofessional Learning of Health Science Students <p>Although interprofessional program has been bloomed in developed countries, it remains unclear how<br>should it be in developing countries? The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of interprofessional<br>education on readiness for interprofessional learning among Thai health science students. This was a quasiexperimental design. Samples were 47 Thai health science students from nursing, Thai traditional medicine,<br>and public health programs. The program took 5 days. Activities included: group relationship building,<br>learning about interprofessional skills, preparing a care plan for patient, and presenting their experiences.<br>All samples were measured readiness for interprofessional learning before and after the program. The<br>results of the study reported that after attending the program, samples had significantly higher total scores<br>of readiness for interprofessional learning and scores in each dimension: teamwork and collaboration;<br>negative and positive professional identities, and roles and responsibilities. It can be concluded that the<br>short interprofessional education program could improve readiness for interprofessional learning among<br>health science students</p> Ausanee Wanchai1 , Vannapa Prathumtone1 , Rungtiwa Wangruangsatid1 , Jaruwan Rungsiyanond2 , Piyanate Wiriyapramote2 , Somtakul Rasiri3 , Ananya Kooariyakul4 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 21 25 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11211 Deep Understanding about Strategies for Self-resilience of Newly Appointed Nurses; Qualitative Approach <p>The purpose of this study was to examined existing strategies for self- resilience of newly appointed nurses<br>in National Hospital of Sri Lanka. Authors studied physical, psychological and socio-cultural strategies for<br>self-resilience of newly appointed nurses. The target population of this study was eleven months experiences<br>in various clinical settings in National Hospital of Sri Lanka and number of samples was fifteen. Nurses<br>were selected using purposive sampling method as qualitative study. The data were collected from January<br>to August 2019. According to this study, result outcomes were taken from the fifteen interviews and those<br>findings categorized into three main themes. Some special findings were presented as quotations. Those<br>themes were a) happy and strong mind, b) pretty and healthy life and c) good and loving social bond<br>for enhancing self-resilience. These findings suggest to future generation of nursing profession to increase<br>their self-resilience. Additionally, nurses and nursing administrators learning how to enhance and improve<br>resilience while working in the profession of nursing.</p> B. Sunil S. De Silva1 , Faiz MMT Marikar1,2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 26 30 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11212 Accuracy of Allen Score in Predicting Stroke Type <p>Background: Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) or Stroke is an emergency condition that makes the decrease<br>of nerve function that is impacted by main nerve injury, therefore it can make the physic weakness moreover<br>the move function will be disappear. Stroke is divided become iskemik and hemoragik. In determining<br>stroke type, the most important is doing assessment by using CT scan. But, it has a resistance in the develop<br>country that is influenced by the low economic. Thus, In determining the stroke type it needed the helping<br>equipment as stroke score, one of stroke score that can be used is Allen score.<br>Purpose: This systematic review having an objective for knowing the accuration of Allen score in<br>determining stroke type and providing treatment.<br>Method: Systematic review is begin by some stages, there are making questions and determining the<br>objectives, after that finding the right key word to identify the searching data that suitable with the objective<br>by using “AND” and “OR” method. The article analysis that is published in 2010 up to 2019 by using<br>Pubmed, Proquest and Science direct. After using article data then doing the selection by using Prism flow<br>chart and JBI critique tool.<br>Result and Discussion: The scoring system to the stroke patients is using Allen score that can help in<br>determining stroke types, diagnose and as the basic giving care to the patient. After doing some analysis,<br>Allen score has sensitivity, specific, positive prediction and negative prediction that is better used in<br>determining iskemik stroke.<br>Conclusion: From some research result that has been done, shows that Allen score tent to have sensitivity,<br>specification, and positive prediction for determining stroke type.</p> Berna Detha Meilyana1 , Sri Andarini2 , Yati Sri Hayati2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 31 35 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11213 A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Role Play on Team Nursing among 2nd Year B.Sc. Nursing Students in Selected Nursing College Tirupati, AP, India <p>The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of role play on team nursing among 2nd year B.Sc(N)<br>students in CON, SVIMS, Tirupati.<br>Objectives:<br>•? To assess the level of knowledge on team nursing among 2nd year B.Sc (N) students in CON, SVIMS,<br>Tirupati.<br>•? To assess the effectiveness of role play among 2nd year B.Sc (N) students in CON, SVIMS, Tirupati.<br>•? To find the correlation between level of knowledge and selected demographic variables of 2nd year B.Sc<br>(N) students<br>Methodology: By using convenient sampling technique a preexperimental research design was adopted,<br>100 2nd year B.Sc.(N) students were choosen as samples, and data collection was done by using a self<br>structured questionnaire.<br>Results: The study results revealed that out of 100 samples 53% (53) had inadequate knowledge, 31%(31)<br>had moderate knowledge, and 16%(16) had adequate knowledge in their pre test and the post test results<br>had shown as 28%(28) had moderate knowledge, and 72%(72) had adequate knowledge, none of them had<br>inadequate knowledge.<br>Conclusion: As the technology in nursing education has been increasing day by day; role play is one of the<br>best live innovative method of giving essential information to the students. In the present study the results<br>showed that, the role play was effectively improved the knowledge of 2nd year B.Sc(N) students regarding<br>team nursing.</p> C. Usha Kiran1 , Sreelatha2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 36 42 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11214 Patient and Family Centered Care: Practices in Pediatrics <p>Patient and Family Centered Care is an approach to planning, delivery, and evaluation of health care that<br>is grounded in mutually beneficial partnerships among health care providers, patients, and families. In<br>pediatrics, Patient and Family Centered Care (PFCC) is based on the understanding that the family is the<br>child’s primary source of strength and support. Respect each child and his/her family, ensuring flexibility<br>in organizational policies, procedures, and provider’s practices, sharing complete, honest, and unbiased<br>information with patients and their families, providing formal and informal support for the child and family,<br>collaborating with patients and families at all levels of health care and recognizing and building on the<br>strengths of individual children and families are the principles of PFCC. This approach is not only beneficial<br>for patient and family but also for health care providers.</p> Deepika1 , Seema Rani2 , Jahanara Rahman Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 43 47 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11215 Determinants of Nurse Patients Communication Barrier as Perceived by Patients :A Case of Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, Chitwan <p>The quantitative descriptive cross sectional design was employed to find out nurse- patient communication<br>barriers as perceived by patients. The Pretested semi-structure interview schedule along with likert rating<br>scale ranging from five to one was used. Total patients (201) admitted in general wards at least three days of<br>hospital stay were selected. Chi square test was used bivariate analysis to find association of nurse pateint<br>communication barrier with their socio-economic, demographic factors as perceived by pateint. Common<br>factors, nurse related, patients related, and environment related factors were major factor under study.<br>During research, 78.10 % of patients percieved most barriers during nurse-patient communication. There<br>was statistical association between common factors with age(p=0.004), marital status (p=0.025), education<br>status (p=0.049), and types of family (p=0.022). Likewise, association also evident between nurse-related<br>factors, types of family (p=0.02), and occupation (p=0.01). Similarly, regarding the environment-related<br>factors, age (p=0.041), education status (p=0.05), and religion (p=0.009) had statistical association. The<br>Result found that there was positive correlation among all factors. Among them, nurse-related factors and<br>patient-related factors (r=0.54) have shown moderately positive correlation. It is concluded that majority of<br>patients had perceived level of barriers in over all as most barriers.</p> Dhungana G.1 , Dhungana S.M.2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 48 54 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11216 Ambulatory Nurse Education Improves Metabolic Profile and Physical Activity in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease <p>Introduction: Although interventions combining patient education and post discharge management have<br>demonstrated benefits in patients with cardiovascular disease the benefit attributable to ambulatory nurse<br>education (ANE) alone is uncertain.<br>Material and Method: A quasi experimental study was conducted in Specialist Cardiology Ambulance D<br>&amp; D in Pristinaamong 98 patients. Ambulatory nurse education was implemented to assess the effectiveness<br>on awareness on life style where pretest and posttest design without control group was used. A complete<br>clinical and laboratory measurements before and after ANE (at 30, 60 and 90 days) were performed. The<br>clinical outcome were physical activity, body mass index, blood pressure, lipid and diabetic profile. The<br>pre-post tested (validity, reliability and pilot testing) structured questionnaire was used for data collection.<br>Results: At follow up to 90 days, in patients that underwent ANE program, the following indices were<br>decreased: BMI (p&lt;0.001), glycemic level (p&lt;0.001), HbCA1 (p=0.02), lipid profile (cholesterol, triglycerides<br>and LDL-C, p&lt;0.001 for all). HDL-C was increased (p=0.01) In addition, physical activity was significantly<br>improved: total activity and daily activity were increased ((p&lt;0.001) and p=0.002, respectively).<br>Conclusion: The ambulatory nurse education improves glycemic and lipidic control, BMI and physical<br>activity in patients with cardiovascular disease.</p> Elvana Podvorica1 , Ibadete Bytyci2 , Musa Oruqi3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 48 54 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11217 Factors Affecting the Implementation of Career Path and Mentor Method Among Hospital Based Clinical Nurses: A Study in Indonesia <p>Objective. To determine the factors affecting the implementation of career path and mentor method for clinical<br>nurses in generalhospital, Banda Aceh-Indonesia.<br>Method. This study used descriptive correlation with cross-sectional design,which was performed from April to<br>July, 2019, on a population of 226 with 126 clinical nurses,selected using cluster sampling technique. Furthermore,<br>the data obtained were analyzed using chi-square statistical tests and logistic regression.<br>Result. The results identified a significant relationship between education (p = 0.017; OR = 5.489 95% Cl:<br>1,357-22.204) and competence (p = 0.020; OR = 0.349 95% Cl: 0.144-0.846) on the implementation of career path<br>and mentor method. This research suggests the need for nurses to improve on the career paths chosen, by continuing<br>education. Also, it is important for hospitals to facilitate scholarship budget, and organize mentor training, in order to<br>create qualitative human resources (HR), which is followed by the achievement of professional services.<br>Conclusion. The nurse’s education and competence is the path to improve the nurse’s career system. Therefore,<br>continuing education is a breakthrough that has a positive impact and a great support for the nursing profession in<br>developing its professionalism</p> Fauziah, M. Kep1 , Jenny Marlindawani Purba2 , Roxsana Devi Tumanggor3 , Yuswardi4 , Elly Wardani5 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 62 67 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11218 Evaluation of a Brief Mindfulness Strategy in the Classroom: A Feasibility Study <p>Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement pilot project was to evaluate preliminary outcomes and<br>student acceptance of integrating a brief mindfulness strategy in the classroom of a required pre-licensure<br>nursing course.<br>Method: A one-group pre- and post-test design was used to pilot a brief mindfulness strategy with prelicensure nursing students during the last six weeks of the term. Outcome measures included anxiety,<br>depression, and perceived stress. Participation in data collection activities was voluntary. Data were collected<br>at the beginning (T1), middle (T2), and end of the 14-week term (T3). A focus group was conducted to<br>gather student acceptance data at the end of the project.<br>Findings: There was no significant change in outcome measures over time. Recommendations included<br>introduction of mindfulness early in the prelicensure nursing program, integration of a variety of activities,<br>and making mindfulness an optional in-class activity.<br>Conclusion: Mindfulness practices introduced early in pre-licensure programs may assist students with<br>adoption of strategies to regulate anxiety, depression and perceived stress.</p> Jamie Leslie1 , Carolyn R. Smith2 , Myrna K. Little3 , Deborah Jane Schwytzer4 , Jeanine Goodin4 , Matthew C. Rota5 , Greer Glazer6 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 68 73 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11219 Using Team-based Learning for Junior Nursing Students’ Preparation Before Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing Practicum <p>Introduction: Junior nursing students who are enrolled in the psychiatric and mental health practicum may<br>feel anxious and stressed due to a lack of self-preparation before taking part in the clinical work. Such feelings<br>can have an influence on self-confidence, which, in turn, can affect achievement of learning outcomes (LOs)<br>and knowledge. Team-based Learning (TBL) is one of the useful techniques that clinical instructors can<br>apply to promote junior nursing students’ self-confidence, thus increasing both their knowledge and LOs.<br>Aims: To compare the pre-test and post-test scores of knowledge and self-confidence to achieve LOs of<br>junior nursing students in both the experimental and control groups.<br>Materials and Method: This quasi-experimental study employed a two-group pre-test and post-test design.<br>The conceptual framework was developed based on an integration of the framework proposed by Michaelsen<br>et al. (2004) and the Thai qualification framework (TQF). The sample consisted of junior nursing students<br>recruited by means of purposive sampling, with 32 in the experimental group receiving TBL in the orientation<br>class and 32 in the control group who had only self-preparation. Students’ knowledge questionnaire, selfconfidence for achieving learning outcomes questionnaire, and demographic data questionnaire were used<br>to collect the data.<br>Results: There were statistically significant differences in both the scores of knowledge and self-confident to<br>achieve learning outcomes of the experimental group received TBL (p &lt; .001) and the control group.<br>Conclusion: TBL can be used to enable nursing students to achieve learning outcomes in the psychiatric and<br>mental health nursing field.</p> Jiratchayaporn K.1 , Christraksa W.1 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 74 79 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11220 Health Related Quality of Life of Patient with Depression in Thai Health Service Delivery: A Multilevel Analysis <p>Introduction: Although health related quality of life (HRQOL) has become an important to focus specifically<br>on the impact of illness and treatments for patients with depression, few studies have conducted to explore<br>HRQOL of patients from different types of hospitals. Therefore, in the first phase of this study aimed at<br>examining a change in HRQOL of patients from various types of hospitals and explored health service<br>system factors and personal factors of patients that could reflect their HRQOL in the second phase.<br>Method: This was a quantitative study. The general questionnaire was used for organization-level data.<br>Moreover, 495 participants’ data from 15 settings located in Bangkok metropolis and central regions of<br>Thailand were collected by Hamilton rating scale for Depression Thai version, the multidimensional Scale<br>of Perceived Social Support Thai and WHOQOL-BREF Thai version for patient-level data.<br>Results: The patient-level factors significantly were age, living arrangement (p&lt;.05), severity of depressive<br>symptoms, social support (p&lt;.001), but health service delivery of the organization-level factor was not<br>significant (p&gt;.05). However, the random part of Generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) could not be<br>identified because intra-class correlation (ICC) was the quite low.<br>Conclusion: Apart from patient-level factors, these findings reflected HRQOL in patient with depression in<br>terms of resources available in different types of hospital that could be used as baseline data for development<br>of Thai mental health service systems.</p> Jiratchayaporn K.1 , Sindhu S.2 , Seeherunwong A.3 , Panirat R.3 , Viwatwongkasem C.4 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 80 85 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11221 Relationship between Nurse Knowledge and Decision Making of Code Blue Activation in Rsud Bangil Pasuruan, Indonesia <p>Background: The Code Blue system at RSUD Bangil Pasuruan was formed in the context of the safety of<br>patients, visitors, and employees who experience heart and respiratory failure in the hospital area. The Code<br>Blue team is a team that can carry out continued life assistance quickly, thereby reducing the incidence of<br>death in hospitals. In its application, The Code Blue system of RSUD Bangil Pasuruanwas running less than<br>optimal. The death process of inpatients who should have received basic life support assistance by The Code<br>Blue team often ended in death without any effort to activate the available code blue system. The nurse<br>knowledge factor is thought to have a connection with the constrained implementation of The Code Blue<br>system in RSUD Bangil.<br>Objective: This study aims to identify the relationship between nurse knowledge and the decision making<br>of code blue activation in RSUD Bangil Pasuruan.<br>Method: This quantitative study used an analytic observational design with a cross-sectional approach.<br>Respondents of 101 nurses in general inpatients were selected based on a purposive sampling quota<br>technique. The research instrument was a questionnaire for all variables.<br>Results: A bivariate analysis using Spearman rank correlation showed that there was a significant, positive<br>(unidirectional) and very weak relationship with nurse knowledge of the decision making of code blue<br>activation in RSUD Bangil Pasuruan<br>Conclusion: Nurse knowledge needs to be improved to optimize the decision of code blue activation in<br>RSUD Bangil Pasuruan.</p> Lina Munawaroh1, Wisnu Barlianto1 , Setyoadi1 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 86 90 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11222 Vitamin D Biochemistry and Clinical Co-relation: A Review <p>There has been tremendous increase in interest in vitamin D in both health and disease in the last two<br>decades. The chief reason for this is the discovery of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in virtually every tissue and<br>thousands of VDR binding sites throughout the genetic machinery controlling multiple genes. This increased<br>interest has been reflected in the request for estimation of serum level and prescription of supplements. In<br>this changing scenario, nurses should be aware of both the basic science and clinical correlation of vitamin<br>D. This article is a summary of the basic science with practical clinical applications relevant for nurses.</p> Mengutseinuo Goswami Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 91 96 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11223 Development of Fundamental Nursing Instructional Teaching Media for Nursing Student of Suratthani Rajabhat University, Thailand <p>Nursing care is the core of any nursing education curriculum. Developing teaching and learning strategies<br>to enhance skills development and response to student learning need is challenging for educators. This<br>was a developmental study produced instructional teaching media. There were 95 seconds year nursing<br>student participated in the study by using purposive sampling. The two focus group was conducted in order<br>to gather the instructional media needed. The instructional media then was develop based on the student<br>demanded. The instructional media quality was assessed by three experts and comprehensively assessed by<br>nursing students and made amendments as suggested. Data were collect by using two research instruments<br>consisted of 1) nursing practice assessment form 2) satisfaction assessment form. Data were analysis using<br>descriptive statistic, and one sample t-test. The results revealed that the instructional media of fundamental<br>nursing practice skills according to standard criteria greater than 80/80. The students had significantly higher<br>mean score of fundamental nursing skills suctioning, dressing, and drug administrating practice than critical<br>standard (t=13.63, 13.38, and 19.89 respectively, p&lt;.001). The findings suggested that the instructional<br>media developing in conjunction with the student desired was effective in improving fundamental nursing<br>skills and satisfaction.</p> Nittaya Srisuk1 , Nutchanath Wichit1 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 97 101 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11224 Healthcare Safety Net for the Homeless: A Qualitative Description <p>Background: Homelessness is a public health issue across nations. The 2011 Indian national census<br>estimated 1.77 million men, women and children living without shelter. The US Department of Housing and<br>Urban Development found 567,715 homeless people representing a cross-section of America.<br>Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine the structures, processes and<br>critical success factors (CSF) of free and volunteer clinics in Kansas City.<br>Methodology: A qualitative research design using a holistic multiple case study method was used to<br>examine a purposive sample of five safety net clinics in an urban Midwestern state. Data were collected<br>through participant observation and semi-structured interviews. The data were analyzed for common themes<br>that describe the clinics’ structures, processes and critical success factors.<br>Results: The clinics’ missions, structures, processes and outcomes varied. Mission focus with dignity and<br>respect and staffing with proper resources and stewardship were the dominant themes. Five subthemes arrived<br>from the narratives: Mission is critical to the viability of the clinic, preserving human dignity, volunteers are<br>treasured,adapting to meet evolving needs, and money matters.<br>Conclusion: The results suggest that a mission fostering person-centered care, dignity and respect for<br>humanity impact the success of safety-net clinics, especially for the homeless population. The results will<br>lead in creating a model safety net clinic in Vellore district.</p> Priya Ranjani D1 , Amy Garcia2 , Jill Peltzer2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 102 107 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11227 A Study to Assess the Knowledge of Mother Regarding Common Domestic Childhood Accident and its Prevention in Pediatric Ward in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Bhubaneswar <p>Home Accidents have been identified as the largest single cause of death after the age of one year and are<br>among the most severe health problems facing the world today. Keeping the toddler safe is a major priority<br>for parents. Kid source online categories about toddler’s accidents were home safety from poisoning,<br>electrical appliances, environmental safety from fall and drowning and safety play from injurious toys.<br>Injury prevention at home is an important concern of parents of toddlers. situations that can result in injury<br>In both the industrialized world and developing countries, accidents remain one of the major five leading<br>causes of death. The objective of the study was to assess the level of knowledge regarding prevention of<br>domestic accidents A quantitative approach with descriptive research design was selected for the study. 50<br>number of mothers were selected by convenience sampling techniques from paediatric OPD. After obtaining<br>the permission from institutional authority the consent from the mothers were taken the knowledge was<br>assessed by using a self administered structured questionnaire. The result showed that greater than 54%<br>of mother are having average knowledge, 30% of mother having poor knowledge and 16% of mother are<br>having good knowledge regarding the prevention of domestic accident.</p> S. Bhaktiswarupa1 , Priya Kumari2 , Sarbani Roy2 , Sathi Bhakta2 , Sriparna Chatterjee2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 108 110 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11228 Knowledge and Practice of Female Students Regarding Vitamin D Deficiency <p>Background: Many studies evidenced that Vitamin D is an essential for good health especially it is associated<br>with bone development. The deficiency usually may cause osteoporosis, muscle cramps and back pain.<br>Objectives: The study aimed to determine the knowledge and the practices regarding vitamin D deficiency<br>among the female students and associate the knowledge and selected demographic variables and correlate<br>knowledge with the practice.<br>Method: In descriptive research design, a cross sectional survey approach was used. Totally 190 students<br>were selected randomly from King Faisal University who met inclusion criteria. The data was collected by<br>using structured questionnaire for assessing knowledge and checklist for practice.<br>Results: Among 190 female students, many 62(32.6%) were in the age group of 20 and above. Majority of<br>them 77(40.5%) were at final year, and 87(45.8%) were married. Regarding the overall level of knowledge<br>97(51.1%) were having poor knowledge. About the practice, 80% of the students never had exposure to<br>sunlight, 93.7% never engaged in outdoor physical activities. There was no significant association between<br>knowledge and the selected demographic variables at the level of P&lt;0.05. There was significant correlation<br>between knowledge and their practices regarding the expose to sun light daily, engage in outdoor physical<br>activities and wear abaya with niqab at p &lt;0.001.<br>Conclusion: Most of the female students were unaware of vitamin D sources and preventive measures of<br>its deficiency. Hence, the study recommends that, there should be more emphasis on awareness to improve<br>knowledge and practices regarding vitamin D deficiency.<br>Keywords: Vitamin D, Deficiency, Knowledge, Practice,</p> Sahbanathul Missiriya1 , Kawthar Salah Almohammed2 , Zahra Hassan Buwaleed2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 111 116 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11229 Community Based Study to Assess the Knowledge and Attitude of General Population towards Organ Donation <p>Introduction: Organ donation is the process of surgically removing an organ or tissue from one person (the<br>organ donor) and placing it into another person (the recipient). The study was conducted in urban and rural<br>communities of Delhi to assess the knowledge and attitude of general population towards organ donation.<br>Methodology: Quantitative approach and cross -sectional study design was used for conducting the study.<br>Purposive non-probability sampling technique was adopted to select the communities and the sample and<br>the sample size was 1089. Structured knowledge and attitude interview schedules were used to assess the<br>knowledge and attitude respectively regarding organ donation. Data was collected in home settings from<br>people above 18 years of age. Data was collected regarding background variables of study subjects and their<br>knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation.<br>Result: Sample characteristics revealed that 59.5% of respondents were females, 64%) were in the age group<br>of 18 to 35 years, 84.7% followed Hindu religion and 63.6% were educated up to secondary level or above.<br>Majority of subjects (78.6%) were aware that organ can be donated to save life of another person, while<br>38.8% subjects knew that organs can be donated both during life and after death. Majority of subjects were<br>aware that only eyes (76.7%) and kidney (63.5%) can be donated. Overall about 10.8% had good knowledge<br>and 55.5% had average knowledge about organ donation. Age, gender and education had statically significant<br>association with knowledge regarding organ donation with p-value less than 0.05. Majority (83.2%) had in<br>appropriate attitude towards organ donation. Statistically there was no significant association between level<br>of attitude with background variables namely age, gender, religion and education.<br>Conclusion: The findings of study revealed that general population had average knowledge about the organ<br>donation, but inappropriate attitude towards organ donation</p> Seema Rani1 , Alka Mishra2 , Neha Dagar3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 117 123 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11234 Integrating a Gallery Walk in a Nursing Classroom: A Nurse Educator’s Perspectives and Student’s Reflections <p>Teaching and learning are two important components that travel synchronously in the journey of education.<br>It is also like two sides of a coin that is used in our day-to-day life. Current students need newer and<br>interactive method of learning. Gallery walk is an active learning approach performed in the classroom,<br>which facilitates students to gain knowledge on a specific subject matter through interaction. The main aim<br>of this active learning experience is to share experience of the Gallery walk as classroom interactive learning<br>method: Nurse Educators’ Reflection. The scope is to stimulate critical thinking amongst students that enrich<br>the teaching learning environment in an optimistic fashion. A trial implementation of gallery walk was done<br>in the nursing classroom of Symbiosis CON during a child health nursing lecture by the second author. The<br>instructor gave the basic guidelines about the gallery walk. Every student passed through the six tables,<br>which had a discussion period of 15 minutes each. After all groups finish with all study tables, the instructor<br>or facilitator gathered the class and summarized the topic. The collective reflections from students will<br>be used for the betterment of this method for future lectures. This paper focuses on the nurse educator’s<br>perspectives beginning from planning, implementing and evaluating the Gallery walk as a classroom based<br>active learning approach in a nursing college. To conclude, synchronized learning environment is essential<br>for all the undergraduate nursing students in all levels of learning.</p> Sheeba Elizabeth J.1 , Diana Prasad2 , Frincy Francis1 , Harshita Prabhakaran Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 124 129 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11235 A Comparative Study to Assess the Knowledge on Myths and Misconceptions about Mental Illness among Adults (18-35yrs) in Selected Rural and Urban Community of Gurugram with a View to Develop Information Booklet <p>Background: Mental Health is vital for the growth and productivity of every society and for a healthy and<br>happy life. Mental disorders account for nearly 12% of the global burden of disease. By 2020 they will<br>account for nearly 15% of disability-adjusted life-years lost to illness. The burden of mental disorders is<br>maximal in young adults; the most productive section of the population. However, they can affect anyone<br>regardless of age, race, religion or income. About one in four adults experiences a diagnosable mental<br>disorder in a given year. Mental illness is believed to be associated with myths and misconceptions.<br>Objectives: 1. To assess the level of knowledge on myths and misconceptions about mental illness among<br>adults in selected rural and urban community of Gurugram. 2. To compare the level of knowledge on myths<br>and misconceptions about mental illness among adults in selected rural and urban community of Gurugram.<br>3. To find out the association between the level of knowledge on myths and misconceptions about mental<br>illness among adults with selected demographic variables. 4. To develop and validate an information booklet<br>on myths and misconceptions about mental illness based on the identified needs.<br>Material and Method- A research approach for the study was quantitative approach; and comparative<br>descriptive research design was selected for the study. The study was conducted at Budhera village and<br>Farukhnagar of Gurugram, Haryana. The population of the study consisted of adults 18-35 years. Non<br>probability convenient sampling technique was used to collect the data. The data was collected from 100<br>samples using structured knowledge questionnaire and the collected data was analyzed by using descriptive<br>and inferential statistics.<br>Results: The study findings revealed that the majority of the adults of urban community i.e. 96% had<br>good knowledge followed by 4% average and no one had poor knowledge on myths and misconception<br>regarding mental illness. It also shows that the majority of the adults of rural community i.e. 74% had<br>average knowledge followed by only 26% had good knowledge and no one had a poor knowledge on myths<br>and misconception regarding mental illness.<br>Conclusion: It was concluded that adults of urban community had good knowledge and the adults of rural<br>community had average knowledge on myths and misconception about mental illness.</p> Sonia1 , Arti Attri Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 130 135 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11237 A Comparative Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Dengue Fever and its Prevention among All Women at the Selected Urban and Rural Areas of Ratia (Fatehabad) <p>Dengue infection is a mosquito-borne arboviral infection. An important criterion to consider in the diagnosis<br>of dengue infection is history of travel or residence in a dengue-endemic area within 2 weeks of the onset<br>of fever. The spectrum of dengue virus infection ranges from an asymptomatic or undifferentiated febrile<br>illness to severe infection. Criteria for diagnosis of probable dengue include history of travel or residence in<br>a dengue-endemic area, plus high grade fever of acute onset and two of the following signs and symptoms:<br>nausea/vomiting, rash, severe aches and pains (also called ‘break bone fever’), positive tourniquet test,<br>leukopenia, and any warning sign. Presence of any of the following warning signs–abdominal pain or<br>tenderness, persistent vomiting, clinical fluid accumulation, mucosal bleeding, lethargy, restlessness, liver<br>enlargement greater than 2 cm, and an increase in hematocrit concurrent with rapid decrease in platelet<br>count–will require strict observation and medical intervention.</p> Sudesh Devi1 , Anju Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 136 142 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11238 The Nurses’ Role in Handling Increased Intracranial Pressure for Hemodinamic Stats in Head Injury Patients <p>Background: Head injury is a major matter of death and disability at a young or productive age. The<br>prevalence of head injuries has occurred and increased. The incidence of head injuries in the world was<br>reported 29,770 cases. A head injury produces intracranial haemorrhage, following the increased intracranial<br>pressure. The increased intracranial pressure changes the hemodynamic status in the body. The treatment of<br>increased intracranial pressure needs to be conducted immediately to avoid a bigger impact.<br>Purpose: This review is to determine the handling management of intracranial pressure elevation for<br>hemodynamic status in head injury patients.<br>Method: The article adopted a systematic review. The identification of literature was performed by searching<br>journal articles that have been published in 2009-2019 within databases such as Proquest, EBSCO, Science<br>Direct, and Pubmed. The search was using keywords : nurse handling, intracranial pressure, hemodynamic<br>status and, head injury. The selected articles that were decided by a combination of PRISMA flow diagrams<br>with the Joana Brigg Institution (JBI) checklist obtained 16 corresponding articles.<br>Result and Discussion: The management of intracranial pressure such as positioning, hypothermia<br>management, and ventilation control as well as medical actions such as adequate oxygenation, drainage<br>action, diuretic and hyperosmolar therapy, blood sugar control, and decompressive craniectomy.<br>Conclusion: Management of increased intracranial pressure for hemodinamyc status in head injury patients<br>consists of positioning, oxygenation, hyperventilation, drainage, diuretic therapy, hypothermia management,<br>blood sugar control, decompressive craniectomy</p> Sutiyo Dani Saputro1 , Siswanto2 , Yulian Wiji Utami Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 143 147 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11239 Faculty Perceived Benefits and Barriers of Online Teaching among Nursing Faculty in Tamil Nadu <p>The Covid- 19 pandemic has forced the central and state governments to strictly adhere to complete<br>lockdown in the country. In order to continue teaching and learning of Nursing students, Online learning<br>was organized by Tamil Nadu Nurses and Midwives Council (TNNMC), in collaboration with nursing<br>educational Institutions of Tamil Nadu. This study was undertaken to assess the Perceived Benefits and<br>Barriers and of online learning, among Nursing faculty in Tamil Nadu.<br>Method: A cross sectional, descriptive correlational study was conducted among 2375 faculty, who were<br>selected through consecutive sampling technique, in nursing colleges of Tamil Nadu. Google survey forms<br>were used to collect the data (Rating Scales on Perceived Benefits and Barriers of online learning).<br>Results: Study findings revealed that, Mean scores of benefits of online learning is 80/100, (SD - 9.1)and<br>barriers scores was 62/100 (SD-9.24).<br>Conclusion: Overall study findings revealed that overall faculty had positive perception on benefits of online<br>learning even though they were also concerned about some barriers which can be managed by meticulous<br>planning and implementation of the system. Therefore it can be effectively incorporated in future also along<br>with traditional teaching method to facilitate effective teaching and learning process.</p> Ani Grace Kalaimathi1 , Latha Venkatesan2 , Vijayalakshmi K Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 148 154 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11240 Effectivity of Awareness Programme Regarding Pubertal Changes among Adolescent Boys in Selected Urban and Rural Schools <p>Because of the physical changes at the time of puberty, children in the age group of 10 to 19 show more<br>interest to know about sex and sexuality. With the thinking of what father and brother will think of me if I ask<br>doubts about the changes, they bury their doubts inside themselves. They do not get correct answer about the<br>changes in the anatomy and sexuality. In such situations, they talk with other children in the same age group<br>who are also facing the same situation. When they are unable to collect more knowledge, they become leaner<br>to know about the opposite sex. Most of them do experiments and land up with worsened situation. They can<br>take care of themselves in a healthy and adaptive way if we provide correct and enough knowledge about the<br>changes that happens in their body at different ages and sexuality. If we hesitate to provide correct and must<br>knowledge to the children, they will be in a confused state and is ashamed of not having proper knowledge<br>about their own body. So the condition can be more vulnerable.<br>Because of the lack of correct knowledge about puberty, the adolescent boys may feel more anxiety, more<br>tension, sometimes fear, nervousness, becomes restlessness and extremely stressed. The lack of correct<br>knowledge can lead to a situation that they won’t be able to manage the situation. In that case, they try drugs,<br>drinks and smoking. Ultimately this will leads to bullying, lying, drunk driving, rebellious behavior, body<br>issues and mental health issues. Other than these, they may feel physical symptoms like nausea, vomiting,<br>headache, stomach ache etc. They also have the right to enjoy their life in a healthy manner.</p> Bibin Kurian1 , Archana Maurya2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 155 158 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11241 The Influences of Nurses’ Communication toward Code Blue Team Activation Decision Making at Hospitals <p>Communication with peers and making decisions are the main successful components in code blue team<br>activation. Communication provides information concerning patients. Thus, code blue team activation<br>becomes the appropriate thing. This research aims to find out the nurses’ communication toward the code<br>blue team activation decision in the hospital. This research applied a cross-sectional study design. The<br>applied sampling technique was purposive sampling. The sample consisted of 93 hospitalized patients. The<br>data collection was done by distributing the questionnaire. The questionnaire had undergone validity and<br>reliability tests. The data analysis process applied spearman rank statistics test and multiple linear regression.<br>The results show that the average score of nurses’ communications is 34.7 (SD + 2.23). The decision making<br>of the nurses was based on their intuition, 72%. The linear regression shows the communication component<br>in the form of common interest. It became the dominant factor in decision making. It could be concluded<br>there was communication influence in deciding the code blue team activation.</p> Ekwantoro1 , Kuswantoro Rusca Putra2 , Setyoadi2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 159 163 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11243 The Correlations among Leadership, Staff Organization and Meaningful Recognition of Nurses’ Self-Efficacies toward the Management of Neonatal Resuscitation <p>Background: Self-efficacy is defined as an individual’s belief to act. Neonatal resuscitation is a treatment<br>of a newborn infant that requires team collaboration and movement precision. The leadership, staff<br>organization and meaningful recognition are required to have good teamwork. It could increase the success<br>rate of neonatal resuscitation. This research aims to determine the correlations among leadership, staff and<br>meaningful recognition to self-efficacy among nurses in the neonatal resuscitation management.<br>Method: This quantitative study method applied a cross-sectional approach. The participants were selected<br>using a random sampling technique. The respondents were 75 nurses that met the inclusion criteria. The data<br>was collected by a questionnaire for the nurses in the NICU room and the hospital’s perinatology. The data<br>was analyzed by the Pearson product-moment correlation.<br>Results: The findings showed correlations among leadership, staff organization and meaningful recognition<br>of the self-efficacy among the nurses in promoting neonatal resuscitation. The leadership obtains a p score<br>= 0.000 (&lt;0.05). Staff organization obtains a p score = 0.000 (&lt;0.05). Meaningful recognition obtains a p<br>score = 0.000 (&lt;0.05).<br>Conclusion: Thus, self-efficacy could be improved by involving the roles of the hospital’s management<br>within the work-environment setting. It includes leadership, staff and meaningful recognition</p> Ika Rizki Anggraini1 , Kuswantoro Rusca Putra.2 , Setyoadi2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 164 169 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11244 The Correlation of Transport Time and Boarding Time to Unexpected Events During Transport of Emergency Patients to Critical Care Unit <p>Background: Transport of emergency patients requires special attention because it has unexpected event<br>risks. The vulnerable emergency department situation with complex cases, limited resources and multidiscipline makes the transfer risky. The emergency department patients that are worth to be transferred to<br>inpatient rooms sometimes must wait until the referred rooms and their equipment are ready. Critical patients<br>are vulnerable to any worsening condition due to acceleration or deceleration of movements. This research<br>aims to find out the correlations among the nurses’ experiences, hemodynamics monitoring and equipment<br>preparation with unexpected things during transport of Emergency Patients to the Critical Care Unit.<br>Method: This quantitative study uses perspective-observational design. The sample consisted of 151<br>emergency patient transfer processes (the Emergency Department patients) that were transported to the<br>Critical Care Unit. The ages of the sample are older than 16-year-old. The exclusion criteria are patients<br>passing away in the Emergency Department or referred to other hospitals. The numerical data were analyzed<br>by the Eta test while the categorical data were analyzed by Cramer’s V test.<br>Results: From 151 observed patients, 119 patients experienced unexpected events. The bivariate analysis<br>shows correlation between transport time and unexpected event (F = 10.8, F table = 2.67, r = 0.425).<br>However, there is no correlation between boarding time in the Emergency Department to unexpected events<br>(p = 0.087, r = 0.208).<br>Conclusion: Longer transport time leads to a higher risk of unexpected event occurrence. The companion<br>officers should be able to prepare the patients properly, to ensure the routes of transport to be free, to promote<br>strict monitoring during the transport process.</p> Isti Wulandari1 , Kuswantoro Rusca Putra2 , Tony Suharsono2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 170 175 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11245 Assess the Knowledge Regarding Swachha Bharat Abhiyan among Rural People from Selected Rural Areas of Wardha District <p>Introduction: Swachha Bharat Mission is a massive mass movement that seeks to create a Clean India by<br>2019. The father of our nation Mr. Mahatma Gandhi always puts the emphasis on swachhta as swachhta<br>leads to healthy and prosperous life. Keeping this in mind, the Indian government has decided to launch the<br>swachh bharat mission on October 2, 2014. The mission will cover all rural and urban areas.<br>Objectives:<br>1. To assess the knowledge regarding Swachha Baharat Abhiyan among Rural people.<br>2. To associate knowledge score of rural people regarding Swachha Baharat Abhiyan with their selected<br>demographic variables.<br>Material and Method: This study was based on descriptive research design. In this study, 100 sample<br>included. This study is conducted at rural area pipari (m) of wardha district. The sampling technique used in<br>this study was non probability convenience method of sampling. Data was collected by using questionnaire.<br>Result: The level of knowledge ws seen in four categories: poor, verge, good, excellent. 12% of the rural<br>people were in the age group of 21-30 years, 46% in the age group of 31-40 years, 24% in the age group of<br>41-50 years and 18% were in the age group of more than 50 years.<br>Conclusion: It is concluded that the rural people have adequate knowledge regarding Swachha Bharat<br>Mission and demographic variables were associated with the knowledge of Swachha Bharat Mission.</p> Jaya Khandar1 , Pooja Kasturkar2 , Ashwini Nandaga3 , Kalyani Narnaware3 , Atithi Patil3 , Priya Raut3 , Shweta Rodge3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 176 181 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11247 Exploring Conceptual context for Resilience Assessment Scale for children with Renal Diseases. <p>The period of adolescence is considered as a developmental period that not only inculcates subjectivity to<br>the life but also improves the critical thinking labelling environmental processes. Disease and sufferings<br>are considered to be part of almost all age groups thus deteriorating physical and psychological well-being<br>as a whole. Moreover, the course of hospitalization during the phase of disease can lead to stress, delayed<br>coping mechanisms. The major factors that lead to the former are change in health shifts of the hospital staff,<br>painful procedures, lack of social and peer engagements, separation from parents and most importantly loss<br>of self-esteem. The process of hospitalization can lead to disturbed body image in the paediatric client, low<br>self-esteem and confidence, delayed milestones and poor mental abilities in a long run. In order to combat<br>the overwhelming physical and psychological conditions there is a need to develop a Resilience Scale that<br>would help to identify the coping levels in the child and hence can help the health care professional ton<br>provide efficient quality care. Towards systematic developmental process there is a need to formulate a<br>conceptual model with the inter-related concepts or abstractions that would be assembled in a rational and<br>explanatory scheme. The Conceptual framework is needed to be utilized through an extensive literature<br>review supporting linkage of selected, interrelated concepts on the basis of Rosswurum and Larrabee Model<br>that recognized the translation of research into practice. Resilience scale can further be developed through<br>implementation of the conceptual; model that can help the health care professionals to provide psychological<br>distractions and effective coping strategies before providing the physical treatments thus helping with an<br>easy resilience.</p> Manmeet Kaur1 , Manmeet Kaur1 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 182 187 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11248 Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching Program on Knowledge Regarding Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among the Primary Teachers <p>Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is the psychiatric disorder that can result from the<br>experience or witnessing of traumatic or life-threatening events such as terrorist attack, violent crime and<br>abuse, military combat, natural disasters, serious accidents or violent personal assaults.<br>Aims and Objectives: Aim of the study is,to assess the effectiveness of video assisted teaching program<br>regarding PTSD among primary teachers in selected primary school.<br>1. To assess the pre test knowledge regarding post traumatic stress disorder among the primary teachers.<br>2. To evaluate the effectiveness of video assisted teaching program regarding post traumatic stress disorder<br>among primary teachers.<br>3. To find out the association of post test knowledge score with their selected demographic variables.<br>Material and Method: The study design was pre experimental research design, one group pretest post<br>test approach. primary teacher of Rashtrasant tukdoji primary school Wardha, lokvidhalay primary school<br>Wardha, savitribai primary school Wardha, zilla parishad primary school neri, zilla parishad primary school<br>dighi, zilla parishad primary school selsura, madhav dnyanpeeth hinganghat sample size were 30.<br>Result: After the detailed analysis of the conducted study leads to the following conclusion that Mean<br>knowledge score of the primary teacher in pre test was 7.33 ± 2.225 and in post test it was 24.43±1.499.<br>Conclusion: The findings shows significant difference between pre test and post test that is After the<br>completion of this study it is revealed that video assisted teaching program on knowledge regarding post<br>traumatic stress disorder among the primary teachers improving knowledge in that majority of primary<br>teacher had (26.66%) good and (20%) excellent level of knowledge score in post test. Statistically interpreted<br>that video assisted teaching programme is effective on knowledge regarding, post traumatic stress disorder<br>(PTSD) among primary teachers. Thus H1 is accepted.</p> Nilima Rakshale1 , Seem Singh2 , Vrushali Dighekar3 , Priyanka Fale3 , Kshitija Gajabe3 , Harshal Gawande3 , Rupesh Fatigue3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 188 194 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11249 Reasons Pasung in People with Mental Disorders <p>Background: Still high rates of retention in people with mental disorders. Objective: To find out the reasons<br>for retention in people with mental disorders. Method: Starting by identifying literature on scientific articles<br>that have been published both nationally and internationally from two databases, namely DOAJ and Pubmed<br>in 2015 to 2019. From the initial search, 187 article titles were obtained from DOAJ and 73 article titles from<br>Pubmed. The list of articles relevant to the research question was identified as many as 14 articles. In the<br>final stage, out of the 14 articles that were read in total or full text, there were 6 articles that fit the inclusion<br>and exclusion criteria. Results: The reasons for internal retention are that aggressive behavior from people<br>with mental disorders and externally are negative family attitudes due to physical and mental fatigue, lack of<br>access to treatment due to the distance from home to health facilities and lack of follow-up after people with<br>mental illness come home from care Hospital Conclusion: Pasung is a very complex problem and solutions<br>must be sought immediately. The role of health workers is needed, namely by conducting mental health<br>education in the community. Pasung is a very complex problem and solutions must be sought immediately.<br>The role of health workers is needed, namely by conducting mental health education in the community.<br>Pasung is a very complex problem and solutions must be sought immediately. The role of health workers is<br>needed, namely by conducting mental health education in the community</p> Nining Wuri Lestari1 , Setyawati Soeharto2 , Heni Dwi Windarwati3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 195 197 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11250 Knowledge Assessment Regarding Transmission of HIV/AIDS among Adolescent in Selected Schools <p>Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is medical condition . A person is diagnosed with AIDS<br>when their immune system is too weak to fight off infection. AIDS is caused by HIV.<br>The first case of HIV in India was reported in 1986 from Madras. Since then there has been an increase in<br>the number of HIV infections over the years. As per the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), it is<br>estimated that about 3.8 million people were living with HIV and AIDS in India in the year 2000.<br>Exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be a consequence of many of the risk-taking<br>behaviors that occur among adolescents. Efforts to improve adolescent health through access to diagnosis,<br>treatment and prevention education must take into account the developmental level of the patient, as well as<br>social and psychological variables.<br>Descriptive study to assess the knowledge of hypertensive patients regarding Transmission of AIDS among<br>adolescence was conducted by researcher.<br>Objectives of the study:<br>• To assess the knowledge of adolescence regarding the transmission of HIV/AIDS.<br>• To find out the knowledge score towards mode of transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS and<br>selected socio demographic variables.<br>The major findings of the study are -In knowledge section, majority of adolescence 9 (30%) were having<br>good knowledge (09-12, marks with mean value 10.44), 8(26.7%) of them were having average knowledge<br>(05-08, marks with mean value 6.87), 7(23.3%) of them were having poor knowledge (00-04 marks with<br>mean value 3.57), 6(20%) of them having excellent knowledge (13-15 marks with mean value 13.3).<br>It can be concluded that majority of adolescence have average knowledge and it can be improved by doing<br>effective adolescence health teaching in various health centers and community areas.</p> Pradeep kumar Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 198 201 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11251 Pictorial Flashcard Regarding Self-Care of Peripheral Intravenous Cannula (PIVC): Is it Effective in Terms of Indwelling Time and Related Complications? <p>Background: Peripheral Intravenous Catheters (PIVC) are a vital tool in the delivery of patient which<br>are associated with number of complications including insertion difficulty, phlebitis, infiltration, occlusion,<br>dislodgment, bloodstream infection and known to increase morbidity and mortality risk and decreased in<br>indwelling time of PIVC. The present study was undertaken with aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a<br>pictorial flashcard regarding self-care of PIVC on its indwelling time and related complications among<br>inpatients.<br>Method: A quasi experimental study using post-test only comparison group research design. Data were<br>collected at selected general wards of Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi by non-probability<br>sampling technique i.e. convenience sampling technique to select 80 subjects i.e. 40 in each experimental<br>and comparison group using tools such as subject’s data sheet, V.I.P. Score, Infiltration Scale, Universal Pain<br>Assessment Scale and self-developed PIVC documentation tool. Parametric and non-parametric test were<br>applied to analyze the collected data using SPSS version 22.<br>Results: Mean indwelling time of PIVC in experimental group was significantly higher (66.7 hours) as<br>compared to comparison group (59.4 hours) at p value of 0.038 (p&lt;0.05). In experimental group, PIVC were<br>removed on the routine basis among 77.5% of the subjects and in 22.5% of subjects PIVC was removed due<br>to complications. In comparison group PIVC was removed on routine basis in 57.5% of subjects whereas<br>for 42.5% of the subjects, the reasons for removal of PIVC was due to complications which was found to<br>be significant (p=0.047) at p&lt;0.05. PIVC complications such as Phlebitis (7.5%), Infiltration (10%) and<br>Pain (15%) were present among more number of subjects in experimental group. Patients who paid hospital<br>expenses out of pocket expenses had significantly higher indwelling time as compare to patients who paid<br>through some insurances.<br>Conclusion: Study concluded that Pictorial flashcard on self-care of PIVC was effective in increasing the<br>indwelling time of PIVC and reducing the occurrence PIVC related complications.</p> Rahul Ranjan1 , Tarika Sharma2 , Sarita Nadiya2 , Karthik Ponnappan3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 202 207 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11252 Deleted <p>xyz</p> Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 208 214 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11253 The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Psycho-Educational Program on Insight and Socio Occupational Functioning of Schizophrenic Patients <p>Background: Schizophrenia causes many difficulties in the lives of patients because it is a chronic disease<br>that reduces the mindfulness, causes disability, low insight, loss of social and vocational skills, and continues<br>with relapses. psychoeducation in either an individual or group format, on a fortnightly to monthly basis,<br>should be offered to patients with schizophrenia as it is consistently effective in patients&amp;#39; awareness of<br>and insight into their schizophrenia and other functional outcomes. Mindfulness-based intervention helps<br>patients with schizophrenia relate differently to their psychotic experiences by opening their awareness and<br>non-judgmental acceptance and allow a more adaptive strategy of coping and control over those psychotic<br>symptoms to be used by patients with schizophrenia.<br>Aim of the Study: The study aimed to assess the effect of mindfulness-based psychoeducation program on<br>insight and socio-occupational functioning of schizophrenic patients.<br>Method: A quasi-experimental research design with a pretest-posttest is used to achieve the aim of the study.<br>The study was conducted at The Psychiatric and Addiction Treatment Hospital in Meet-Khalaf that affiliated<br>to the Ministry of Health at Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. A convince sample of 58 schizophrenic patients<br>from inpatient of the above-mentioned setting was recruited for this study. The study sample was divided<br>into two groups 30 patients in the case group and 28 patients in control. Three tools were used; Structured<br>interview questionnaire, Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS) and Socio-Occupational Functioning Scale<br>(SOFS).<br>Results: The results of this study revealed that there a was a significant decrease of mean Socio occupational<br>functioning scale score in the study group after intervention than before (38.56±3.1 to be 28.23). Also, there<br>was a highly statistically significant difference found in the cognitive insight scale and its subscales score<br>among study groups pre and post-intervention.<br>Conclusion: Mindfulness-based intervention have increased the cognitive insight and socio occupational<br>functioning of the patients in the study group.<br>Recommendation: Mindfulness-based psych educational program should be implemented as a routine care<br>for all schizophrenic patients.</p> Sabah Hassan El-Amrosy1 , Hanaa Mohamed Abo Shereda2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 215 226 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11254 Screening for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and Effect of Health Education on its Awareness among Adolescents: A Pre-Post Study <p>Background: Polycystic ovariansyndrome is an endocrine disorder that can affect adolescent females.<br>Screening and awarenessare important initial steps in PCOS management. Health education of the population<br>at risk is crucial to health-seeking behavior that can improve quality of life.<br>Aim: Screening for features of PCOS and determining the effect of health-education on PCOS awareness<br>among female university students.<br>Method: This study was of a pre-post research design. The current study involved 900 childbearing age<br>females, who were randomly selected from students of Zagazig University. Data were collected using a<br>structured questionnaire. PCOS screening was based on anthropometric measurements, as well as Rotterdam<br>criteria. A structured lecture on PCOS was received by all participants.<br>Results: The participants’ mean age was 19.01±0.7 years. Three-quarters of them had no information about<br>PCOS. Less than one quarter of them were sufficiently aware of PCOS pre educational while 84.0% of them<br>were sufficiently aware after the educational program.<br>Conclusion: The participants’ awareness were improved after PCOS structured educational program.<br>Recommendation: Early screening and inclusion of PCOS in the student’s curriculum are therefore<br>recommended.</p> Sabah Lotfy Mohamed El Sayed1 , Mohamed Lotfy Mohamed El Sayed2 , Godpower Chinedu Michael3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 227 236 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11255 Factors affecting Quality of Life (QoL) in Breast Cancer Patients : A Case Study at King George’s Medical University, Lucknow <p>Globally Cancer is the second leading cause of death and approximately 9.6 million deaths due to cancer<br>in 2018. Approximately about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer globally. In low and middle-income countries<br>approximately 70% of deaths are due to cancer. Some common cancers in Indian women are Breast, Cervix,<br>Ovary, Mouth &amp; Esophagus, Colorectal and other cancers. Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among<br>women across the World as well as in India. Although rapid advancement, mammography &amp; screening has<br>increased rate of survival but women who survive continue to face medical, physical, social and psychosocial<br>challenges. Evaluation of quality of life is also important for understanding the effect of treatment and how<br>much different factors affect quality of life of the breast cancer patients.<br>This paper aims to predict Quality of Life (QoL) in breast cancer patients using various physical,<br>psychological, social and spiritual domains. This descriptive and cross sectional study was undertaken to<br>determine the factors affecting quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer patients. Patient’s response and hospital<br>records analyses the dimensions which affects quality of life among breast cancer patients in the state of<br>Uttar Pradesh. Findings suggest strong relationship between clinical and socio-demographical factors and<br>breast cancer patients’ QoL. This study demonstrates the strength of the relationship between education<br>and physical well-being, education with social well-being and education with spiritual well-being. A strong<br>relationship was found between marital status and spiritual well being. A strong relationship was found<br>between clinical stage and spiritual well being. A good relationship was found between tumor stage and<br>social and spiritual well being. A strong relationship was also found between type of treatment and physical,<br>psychological and social well being. This study fills a gap in the literature related to QoL in Indian women<br>suffering from carcinoma breast.</p> Sanjiv Srivastava1 , Alpana Srivastava2 , Sandeep Tiwari3 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 237 241 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11256 Educational Mission for Effective Vision <p>Aim and Objective: To examine the knowledge and skill regarding prevention of computer vision syndrome<br>among computer science Students.<br>Methodology: A quasi experimental pre test post test design was chosen to assess the knowledge and skill<br>regarding prevention of computer vision syndrome among 60 computer science Students at Selected College,<br>Chennai. The samples were selected using simple random sampling (lottery method). Results: The findings<br>of the study showed that the pre test mean for knowledge was 8.41 with a standard deviation of 2.07 and the<br>post test mean for knowledge was 14.93 with a standard deviation of 2.65 and the post test mean for skill<br>was 34 with a standard deviation of 1.96 which indicated that there was statistically high level of significant<br>difference in the post test level of knowledge and skill among computer science Students at p&lt;0.001 level.<br>Conclusion: The study infers that there was a significant improvement in the knowledge and skill regarding<br>prevention of computer vision syndrome among computer science Students after providing IEC cum<br>Demonstration.</p> Sujitha Jebarose Jebanesy T.1 , Sandhya R.1, Manickam S.2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 242 246 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11257 To Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching on Knowledge Regarding Epilepsy in Children among the Anganwadi Workers <p>Introduction: Epilepsy is a most common clinical entity in neurology clinics. The prevalence rates of<br>epilepsy in India are similar to those of developed country. However, the large treatment gap is a major<br>challenge to our public health system. Perinatal injuries are a major causative factor in children. There are<br>very few epidemiological studies looking at the incidence of epilepsy from India. A state of Kerala with<br>higher literacy rates better the public health awareness (4.9/1000).1 a recent rural epilepsy surveillance<br>program from Uttarakhand showed a prevalence rate of two or more meaningless seizures to be 7.5 per<br>1000.2<br>A pediatric study from Kashmir valley shows prevalence rates of 3.74/1000 in males and 3.13/1000<br>in females.3 A study conducted in Kolkata’s urban population showed an annual incidence rate of 27.27 per<br>100,000 per year4 as per a recent study, 70 million people have epilepsy worldwide and nearly 90% of them<br>are found in developing regions. [1] The study also estimated a median prevalence of 1.54% (0.48-4.96%)<br>for rural and 1.03% (0.28-3.8%) for urban studies in developing countries.5<br>Aims: The aim of the study is assess the effectiveness of planned teaching on knowledge regarding the<br>epilepsy in children’s among the Anganwadi female workers in selected Anganwadi.<br>Material and Method: The Descriptive evaluator approach was used in this study and the sampling<br>technique was non probability convenient sampling was used. Data was collected using self structured<br>knowledge questionnaire and sample size was 110 Anganwadi female workers.<br>Result: Study shows that pretest knowledge of anganwadi female worker3(2.73%)had poor level of<br>knowledge score,58(52.73%)had average level of knowledge,45(40.9%)had good knowledge and no one<br>was in excellent knowledge score, whereas in post test 65(59.09% had very good knowledge score and<br>23(20.91%)had excellent knowledge score.<br>Conclusion: Even though epilepsy is an eminently preventable and treatable condition, it still remains a<br>major public health problem due to high stigma, wide socioeconomic inequity, huge treatment gap and the<br>poor epilepsy healthcare delivery system in India. It is clearly evident that epilepsy is a complex public<br>health problem that requires integrated multidisciplinary approach. Neurologists, public health professionals,<br>psychiatrists, psychiatric social worker, psychiatric nurse and program managers need to join hands for<br>prevention, improved care and rehabilitation of persons with epilepsy in India.</p> Vaishali Taksande1 , Nilesh Burbare2 , Karishma Chaure2 , Nitisha Deogade2 , Shubham Deshmukh2 , Jayshree Dhole2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 247 251 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11258 Factors Affecting the Success of Psychiatric Nurses in Conducting Risk Assessment of Violence Behavior <p>Background: Patient violence behavior in psychiatric services is a challenge for health care providers.<br>Violence behavior can affect patients themselves, other patients and staff including nurses and affect the<br>quality of service. Psychriatic nurses can play roles in conducting risk assessment of violence behaviors to<br>reduce impact and make appropriate decisions.<br>Purpose: This systematic review aims to find out the factors that influence the success of psychiatric nurses<br>in conducting risk assessment of violence behavior.<br>Method: This systematic review begins with making questions by the PICO method, identification,<br>eligibility, article inclusion criteria selection, screening and appraisal. Search articles through the database<br>of Science Direct, Pubmed and Ebsco with a time span from 2009-2019. And continue with PRISMA flow<br>diagram and JBI critique tool up to get 13 articles that relevant to be analyzed be systematic review.<br>Result and Discussion: Reviews are carried out on articles that fit the inclusion criteria. Factors that<br>influence the success of psychiatric nurses in conducting risk assessment of violence behavior are training<br>and continuing education, self-confidence, understanding early warning signs/alert systems, understanding<br>the causes of violence and the use of violence risk assessment tools) such as the Brøset Violence Checklist<br>(BVC) and Dynamic Appraisal of situational Aggression (DASA)<br>Conclusion: Psychiatric nurses still need continuing education and training in understanding the early signs<br>of a patient’s violence behavior and the use of assistive devices in the form of risk assessment of violence<br>behavior to increase the confidence of nurses and assist in making appropriate decisions.</p> Wahyu Yuniati1 , Kuswantoro Rusca Putra2, Dhelya Widasmara Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 252 257 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11259 Perceived Level of Preparation for Nursing Internship <p>Background: Internship programs have increased in number and popularity in the past decade. It was<br>designed to assist in the transition period of nursing graduates and providing the necessary specialized<br>training to work in various specialty. Nursing programs assure the basics of a comprehensive knowledge that<br>support novice students to get ready to practice in different workplace.<br>Purpose: The study aimed to identify perceived level of preparation for nursing internship.<br>Method: A descriptive exploratory research design was employed with the sample of 121 nurse interns and<br>Clinical preparation requirements Electronic survey utilized for data collection.<br>Result: Majority of the respondents gave their highest percentage for educational preparation requirements<br>with Teaching &amp; Information Giving, Psychomotor Skills and Communications Skills (79.70%, 78.82% and<br>76.92% respectively). Also, regarding nursing process the results revealed that the respondents indicated<br>their highest percentage with evaluation and intervention steps (76.03 and 75.7% respectively)<br>Conclusion: The respondents perceived that all educational preparation requirement described in the current<br>study were essential/very important for their preparation for practice during internship training and for<br>developing their clinical competencies.</p> Abeer Mohamed Abdelkader1 , Rowena Abundo2 , Gremma Baratas Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 258 264 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11260 Impact of COVID-19 on Nursing and other Healthcare Professionals: Strategies for Strengthening Nursing Education, Training and Leadership <p>The damage extension of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the cause of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak<br>that started in December 2019, was completely unexpected. The virus infected more than 20.21 million and<br>killed more than 737,136 people as of 10th august 2020, leaving healthcare professionals under abnormal<br>pressure. Although there are no estimates of how many are health care professionals infected, it may be<br>15-18% of the healthcare professionals and suppose a correspondingly high death count. From emergency<br>physicians and nurses to public health officers and psychologists, the exposure to distressing experiences<br>points to a high chance of developing post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and burnout syndrome. In<br>the case of COVID-19, decisions upon scarce resources, frustration about patients’ outcomes, lengthened<br>working hours, concerns regarding the family’s health, and widespread vicarious trauma are present and<br>costly for health care professionals. Coordinated reorganization of health and well managed social services is<br>essential to assess and diagnose rapidly, treat patients effectively, and protect hospitals and health personnel.<br>The policymakers were thinking that investing in the nursing sector and maintaining a professional nursing<br>workforce is an economic burden but now everyone is understood that they are especially for the wellbeing<br>of our peoples and families. Hence it is necessary to support nursing professionals at the workplace and<br>ensuring the appropriate payout is a must along with appropriate timely training is required to ensure the<br>quality service. Furthermore, they should be allowed to involve in policy formulation and decision making<br>all the time.</p> Shivaleela P. Upashe1 , Sunaya Gosh2 , Amitha R.3 , Kavita Chandrakar4 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 265 170 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11261 Environmental and Personality Influences on Nurse Discipline Public Health Center <p>Introduction: discipline is a benchmark to find out whether the role of a manager or leader as a whole can<br>be implemented well or not.<br>Method: This research is a quantitative study supported by qualitative data with cross-sectional study design.<br>Results: the test with the chi-squer test of personality and environmental factors obtained a p-value of<br>0.827 that Ha was rejected and H0 was accepted so that there was no influence between personality and<br>environmental factors on the discipline of nurses in Barombong Public Health Center, Makassar.<br>Conclusion: There is no influence between personality and environmental factors on the discipline of nurses<br>in the Makassar City Barombong Health Center. This research can be used as a reference material for<br>learning about nurse discipline and is expected for health workers to be used as input for carrying out their<br>duties.</p> Suprapto1 , Trimaya Cahya Mulat2 , Nur Syamsi Norma Lalla2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 271 274 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11262 Psychological and Social Status of Children Treated with Renal Dialysis and their Mothers at Tanta City <p>Background and Aim: Renal dialysis treatment of children with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) poses<br>various challenges including financial difficulties, social challenges and psychological problems. Parents<br>frequently face financial difficulties as they require more time off work and cannot work overtime. Sickness<br>of a child causes a decline in the financial and socioeconomic status of the family and also hampers its<br>functionality. Moreover, care for those children involves considerable psychological and social stress. This<br>study aimed to assess psychological and social condition of children treated with renal dialysis and their<br>mothers.<br>Materials and Method: The research was conducted on children with End-stage renal disease (ESRD)<br>treated with renal dialysis and their mothers. The total studied population in this study was 40 child and<br>their mothers (N= 40). One tool was used to collect data about the children illness and socio-demographic<br>characteristics. Children psychological and social status is assessed using the Paediatric Quality of Life<br>Inventory (PedsQL)and their parents the PedsQL-proxy version. Mothers health, social, and psychological<br>data were collected using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and Berlin Social Support Scales(BSSS).<br>Result: Children psychological and social status were significantly low as reported by the children or the<br>mothers who provide primary care for APD children. The mothers perceived available and actually received<br>support is low. Overall score of General Health Questionnaire of the mothers was very high by median and<br>quartile 17 (15–18).<br>Conclusions: Children psychological and social status were low according to PedsQL test. The family of<br>children with renal dialysis need financial support. Mothers who provide primary care to children on renal<br>dialysis require emotional support and assistance in self fulfillment. The mothers have high GHQ-12 scoring<br>which means that they are have greater chance for increase of non-psychotic mental disorders. There is a<br>strong need to provide continuous psychological care for caregivers.</p> Amira Mohamed Saed Khalil1 , Fareda El Sayed Osman2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 275 284 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11263 Effect of Using Case Study Teaching Strategy on Nursing Students’ Perception of Teaching Effectiveness <p>Background: A case-study approach in teaching promotes the level of knowledge retention by nursing<br>students, enhances their critical thinking skills, and expands their problem-solving capabilities.<br>Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of using case study teaching strategy on nursing students’<br>perception of teaching effectiveness.<br>Method: Quasi experimental/pre and post-test research design was used in this study<br>Results: Post-test mean scores were significantly higher than the pre-test mean scores of all teaching<br>effectiveness domains named space &amp; equipment, classmate- interaction, academic goal, teaching method,<br>internship &amp; practicum, and course content. Also, a positive attitude towards case-study teaching strategy<br>reported by the participants.<br>Conclusion: The implemented case study as a teaching strategy had a significant positive effect on the<br>students’ perceptions of teaching effectiveness.</p> Abeer Mohamed Abdelkader1 , Aishah Abdulrahman Almefarfesh2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 285 285 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11264 Effects of Positive HIV Status Disclosure on Sexual Behaviour Change <p>Introduction: Disclosure of HIV serostatus is critical to controlling the spread of HIV, and understanding<br>the experience for disclosure enhances the development of prevention interventions and ultimately leads to<br>better control of the spread of the disease. The present narrative review aimed to synthesize literature on the<br>effects of positive HIV status disclosure on sexual behaviour change.<br>Method: Anarrative review design was utilized. Literature search of articles was from the following<br>databases; Scopus, Science Direct, PUBMED, OVID and Google scholar. The searches were conducted<br>from August 2019 to June 2020. The qualitative analysis was used to presented data into themes.<br>Results: The main findings were discussed under four thematic domains: 1) disclosure, 2) number of sexual<br>partners, 3) type of sexual partners and 4) use condoms.<br>Conclusion: The narrative review presents evidence on; how patients revealing their HIV positive status<br>to their sexual partner(s), family members, or others in their social circle are associated to better, less risky<br>sexual behaviors. This finding implies that when people living with HIV disclose their status, they are most<br>likely to; 1) have less sexual partners, 2) use condoms and 3) minimize casual/temporary sex. The behavior<br>change brought by the positive HIV status disclosure can significantly reduce the transmission of HIV within<br>the society.</p> Jonathan Taiswa1, Erastus Lewis Mukhisa1, Rukia Omolloh1, Dolphine Mochache1, Joyce Atieno Nyacharo1, Brian Barasa Masaba2 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-15 2020-10-15 12 4 292 295 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11332 Comparison of Effectiveness between PBL and LBL in Improving Student Learning Outcomes <p>This research explores the differences in test results and the use of some generic skills in the Problem-Based<br>Learning (PBL) model and the Lecture-Based Learning (LBL) model. This research was conducted with a<br>mixed research method, namely quantitative method and qualitative method. The researcher implemented<br>the two models in two different classes, the control class (N = 28) and the experimental class (N = 72).<br>Both learning method successfully activate the use of self-directed learning skills, teamwork skills, critical<br>thinking skills, and problem-solving skills. However, PBL is better in motivating and increasing awareness<br>about lectures so there is a better use of these skills in lectures. Students are very challenged to solve clinical<br>problems relevant to the nursing profession with their group of friends. This in turn has an impact on the<br>higher test results obtained by the experimental class than the control class. Therefore, researchers suggest<br>applying it widely in all nursing majors.</p> Lisbeth Laora Silitonga1, Rahmaini Fitri Harahap1 Copyright (c) 2020 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 12 4 296 302 10.37506/ijone.v12i4.11598