Dietary Habits and Drug Pattern Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Urban Population of Eluru City: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

  • Chandrasekhar Vallepalli 1 , K Chandra Sekhar 2 , Ratna Balaraju 3 , U Vijaya Kumar4 , Ch Rama Mohan 5 , P G Deotale6

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i9.10974

Keywords:

Diabetes Mellitus, Dietary Habits, Drug Pattern, Urban

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent and growing chronic disease affecting an estimated
415 million people globally in 2015, and is predicted to affect 642 million people by 2040. India has more
than 69 million people with T2DM, and these numbers are expected to rise to 140 million by 2040. Diet
constitutes a crucial aspect of the overall management of diabetes, which may involve diet alone, diet with
oral hypoglycemic drugs, or diet with insulin. Objectives: 1. To identify the various dietary habits in relation
to type 2 diabetes mellitus among adults in urban population of Eluru. 2. To study the drug pattern in diabetic
individuals of the study population. Materials and method: This was a community based cross-sectional
study conducted in the urban area of Eluru for a period of one year among 454 adults 30 years and above
age group. The data was collected using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire by interview method.
Results were analyzed and necessary statistical tests were applied. Results: Out of 454 study population
96 were diabetic individuals showing the prevalence of diabetes as 21.1%. Prevalence of diabetes was
high (28.1%) among study subjects who were consuming rice as their staple diet (p<0.05). There was a
statistical significant association (p<0.05) found between germinating seeds consumption and diabetes
mellitus. Conclusion: Diabetic individuals should be encouraged to adhere to the strict dietary advice. All
the individuals were advised to add the germinating seeds to their daily consuming diet. Simple dietary
modifications like avoidance of junk foods will prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus

Author Biography

Chandrasekhar Vallepalli 1 , K Chandra Sekhar 2 , Ratna Balaraju 3 , U Vijaya Kumar4 , Ch Rama Mohan 5 , P G Deotale6

1
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences (SVIMS),
Sri Padmavathi Medical College for Women (SPMCW), Tirupati, AP, India, 2Professor & Faculty at Hay Al
Akhdar Post Graduation Training Centre for Saudi Board of Family Medicine, Buraidah, Qassim Province,
Saudi Arabia, 3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, KIMS, Narketpally, Telangana, India,
4Professor, Department of Community Medicine, ASRAMS, Eluru, AP, India, 5Assistant Professor, Applied &
Medical Sciences, Jizan University, Saudi Arabia, 6
Former Professor and Head, Department of Community
Medicine, ASRAMS, Eluru, AP, India

Published

2020-09-11

How to Cite

Chandrasekhar Vallepalli 1 , K Chandra Sekhar 2 , Ratna Balaraju 3 , U Vijaya Kumar4 , Ch Rama Mohan 5 , P G Deotale6. (2020). Dietary Habits and Drug Pattern Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Urban Population of Eluru City: A Cross-Sectional Study. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(9), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i9.10974