A cross-sectional Study to Assess the Quality of Life of HIV Infected Individuals Attending ART Centre, KIMS Hubli
Keywords:People living with HIV, Anti-retroviral therapy, Quality of Life
Background: Healthful living is the right of every individual. Healthful living is reflected by the quality
of life of the people in the community and it is true even in case of people living with HIV. According to
the current data the predictors for quality of life in HIV infected individuals are present health condition,
antiretroviral therapy, psychological well-being, social support systems, coping strategies and spiritual wellbeing.
Objectives : To assess the QOL of people with HIV/AIDS and the impact of various domains of quality of
life in people with HIV/AIDS.
Methods: A cross sectional was study conducted on 100 HIV infected people attending “KIMS Hubli”. A
face to face interview was conducted using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire adopted from WHO
QOL Questionnaire. It covers the respondent’s perception of overall quality of life within the six broad
domains. The reply was according to the five point Likert scale.
Results: 70.83 % of the illiterates and 68.4% of the literates scored badly in spirituality domain; and,
66.67% of the illiterates have scored well while 63.15% of the literates have scored well in the environment
domain. 56.25% of the married participants scored well in social relationship domain.60.42% of the married
participants scored well in Environment domain.
Conclusion: Spiritual domain is affected the most in the patients living with HIV. Married people scored
well in the social relationship and environment domain. Gender has affected the physical domain and level
of independence. In these domains females have scored well when compared to males.