Pattern of Feeding Practiced by Mothers of Infants Attending Immunisation OPD in a Tertiary Care Centre: A Hospital based Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

  • Sambedana Mohanty1, Tapas Ranjan Behera2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i9.10992

Keywords:

Infant feeding, Pre-lacteals, Exclusive breast feeding, Complementary feeding, Weaning

Abstract

Context:Breast milk is the first natural food for babies which is adequate for the first six months of life. But
practically very few mothers exclusively breast feed their babies as they start complementary food before
completion of six months. Inadequate knowledge and practice regarding infant feeding practices can result in
various infections of infants such as diarrhoea and pneumonia. Inorder to evaluate the pattern of breastfeeding
and weaning and their influencing factors a cross-sectional study was conducted in immunization OPD of
M.K.C.G MCH from August-October 2014 (3 months) among 152 mothers attending the immunization OPD
using a pre-designed, pretested and semi-structured Odiya questionnaire. Data thus collected was analysed
using appropriate statistical tests. Results: Among the 152 mothers who were interviewed , 28(18%) of
them had low birth weight babies. Out of the 148 mothers who had breast fed, initiation of breast feeding
was done within half an hour by 64(43.2%) of the mothers. Out of them,18 (12.1%) of mothers had given
pre-lacteal feeds. Among infants greater than six months, exclusive breast feeding has been done in case of
28(33%) of them . Among the 84 mothers who have weaned their babies before completion of six months,
82(98%) have reasoned insufficient milk. After introduction of outside food ,70(62.5%) infants did not
suffer from any problem whereas among the rest 32(61.5%) suffered mostly from diarrhoea. Mothers had
adequate knowledge regarding various aspects of infant feeding. Conclusion: Antenatal mothers should be
counselled regarding importance of exclusive breast feeding as well as timely introduction of complementary
foods along with necessity of hygiene. Working mothers can practice expressed breast feeding as well use
the CRECHE to maintain exclusivity of breast feeding.

Author Biography

Sambedana Mohanty1, Tapas Ranjan Behera2

1Assistant Professor, Dept Of Community Medicine, IMS and SUM Hospital, 2Assistant Professor, Dept Of
Community Medicine, S.C.B Medical College and Hospital

Published

2020-09-11

How to Cite

Sambedana Mohanty1, Tapas Ranjan Behera2. (2020). Pattern of Feeding Practiced by Mothers of Infants Attending Immunisation OPD in a Tertiary Care Centre: A Hospital based Cross-Sectional Study. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(9), 89-95. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i9.10992