Regional Differential in Diet Diversity Consumption and its Association with Adult Nutrition Status in Urban Areas
Keywords:Food Consumption, Obesity, WHO, NFHS, BMI
Background: The demographic and economic transition that many developing countries are undergoing is
producing important changes in diet and lifestyle that greatly impact on diet related disease risks. Therefore,
evaluating the association between diet diversity and obesity would be interesting for the adult population
of urban areas.
Objective: This study deals with the consumption of different food items in the region of Maharashtra and
its association with adult nutritional status.
Material & Method: This study used the National Family Health Survey (NFHS -4) data which was
collected during 2015-16. Multiple logistic regression analysis has been done to fulfill the objective of the
study using software STATA version 14.
Result: The present study found that the overweight and obesity situation among the adults of urban
Maharashtra is alarming. This study also shows that the consumption of the Non-veg food (Fish, Eggs,
chicken or meat) higher in Konkan and Pune region.
Conclusion: Based on the study findings, it is essential to address the present scenario of its increasing
prevalence of overweight/obesity not only in the state but also at the national level.