Effects of Therapeutic Weight Loss Exercises on Obese Indivduals with Genu Valgum Deformity

Authors

  • K.Vijayakumar1, D.Dineshkumar2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i9.11007

Keywords:

Q-angle, Weight loss exercises, Genu valgum, Obesity and genu valgum

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity is a major factor, increasing susceptibility for MSDs, specifically thereof lower back
and lower extremities. An increase in Q angle beyond the normal range is known as genu valgum (knock
knees) and considered as extensor mechanism misalignment, and it has been associated with knee joint
hypermobility, patellar instability and patellofemoral pain syndrome. the association with increased BMI
and genu valgum and found that the severity of tibia vara was high obesity.
Material and Methods : The interventional study was conducted in a Physiotherapy centre with 50
overweight and obese males with increased Q-angle between the age group of 25-40 years. Recent fractures,
open wounds, and other congenital anomalies in the lower extremities were excluded. Therapeutic weight
loss exercises were given based on the American college of sports medicine (ACSM) and the observations
were done.
Results: Pre and post intervention results showed a significant (p < 0.005) that the treatment given was
effective.
Conclusion : In conclusion, the severity of the genu valgum is directly associated with increase in BMI,
sedentary lifestyle and physical inactivity plays a major etiological role for obesity in the development and
progression of genu valgum. Essentially, early detection and intervention with guidance of physical therapist
can correct the deformity with limited surgical morbidity.Introduction: Obesity is a major factor, increasing susceptibility for MSDs, specifically thereof lower back
and lower extremities. An increase in Q angle beyond the normal range is known as genu valgum (knock
knees) and considered as extensor mechanism misalignment, and it has been associated with knee joint
hypermobility, patellar instability and patellofemoral pain syndrome. the association with increased BMI
and genu valgum and found that the severity of tibia vara was high obesity.
Material and Methods : The interventional study was conducted in a Physiotherapy centre with 50
overweight and obese males with increased Q-angle between the age group of 25-40 years. Recent fractures,
open wounds, and other congenital anomalies in the lower extremities were excluded. Therapeutic weight
loss exercises were given based on the American college of sports medicine (ACSM) and the observations
were done.
Results: Pre and post intervention results showed a significant (p < 0.005) that the treatment given was
effective.
Conclusion : In conclusion, the severity of the genu valgum is directly associated with increase in BMI,
sedentary lifestyle and physical inactivity plays a major etiological role for obesity in the development and
progression of genu valgum. Essentially, early detection and intervention with guidance of physical therapist
can correct the deformity with limited surgical morbidity.

Author Biography

K.Vijayakumar1, D.Dineshkumar2

1Assistant Professor Department of Anatomy, ACS Medical College and Hospital Vellapanchavadi Chennai,
2Madha Medical College and Research Institute, Kovur, Chennai

Published

2020-09-11

How to Cite

K.Vijayakumar1, D.Dineshkumar2. (2020). Effects of Therapeutic Weight Loss Exercises on Obese Indivduals with Genu Valgum Deformity. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(9), 184-189. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i9.11007