A Detailed Essay on the Pandemic COVID-19
Keywords:Coronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-CoV 2, Viral Infection, Pandemic.
The name “coronavirus” comes from the crown-like projections on their surfaces. “Corona” in Latin
means “halo” or “crown”. Coronavirus is causing an outbreak that was first identified in Wuhan City,
Hubei Province, China. Since then, the virus has spread to nearly every country, leading the World Health
Organization (WHO) to declare this as a pandemic. According to WHO, common signs include fever, cough,
and respiratory difficulties. Serious cases can lead to pneumonia, kidney failure, and even death. Researchers
believe that the viruses transmit via fluids in the respiratory system. Centre for Diseaase control and
Prevention(CDC) recommends that all people wear masks in public places where it is difficult to maintain
a 6-foot (2-meter) distance from others. Social distancing is advised as currently there are no drugs or
other therapeutics approved by the US Food and Drug Administration(FDA) to prevent or treat COVID-19.
Current clinical management includes infection prevention, control measures, and supportive care, including
supplemental oxygen and mechanical ventilator support when indicated. However, hydroxychloroquine
and chloroquine are under investigation in clinical trials for pre-exposure or post-exposure prophylaxis
infection, and treatment of patients with COVID-19. Also, FDA has issued guidance for administering
and studying the use of convalescent plasma therapy which aims at using antibodies from the blood of a
recovered COVID-19 patient to treat those critically affected by the virus. People can take steps to prevent
the spread of coronavirus and help protect themselves and others.