Assessment of Prevalence of Anaemia in Pregnant Women Attending Kims, Hubballi
Keywords:Anaemia, pregnant women, risk factors
Background: Anaemia in pregnancy is one of the major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in India
as well as in the world. It continues to be a problem in spite of national programs for its prevention and control.
It accounts for 1/5th of maternal deaths worldwide and 16% in India and is the major factor responsible for
low birth weight, abortions, premature birth, and Post-partum haemorrhage. Hence determining the status
and factors influencing anaemia among pregnant women is essential to treat and prevent the same.
Objectives : To study the prevalence and risk factors associated with anaemia among pregnant women.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 100 pregnant women attending at KIMS OPD from
May to June 2012. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data.
Results: Prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women was found to be 92%; majority were mildly anaemic
75 %. Majority of the study participants were in the age group of 20-30 years and 55% belonging to lower
socioeconomic status and 79 % residing in rural areas. Factors influencing anaemia were multi-parity, short
inter-pregnancy interval and poor socio-economic status.
Conclusion: In the present study, the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women was found to be very
high i.e. 92% especially in low income groups, multiparous women, short inter-pregnancy interval despite
of high ANC check up and Iron and folic acid supplementations.