A study to Assess the Various Risk Factors Associated with Breast Cancer Among Patients Attending KIMS and Cancer Hospital in Hubli
Keywords:Breast cancer, risk factor, breast self examination.
Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in females worldwide, and the second leading cause
of cancer deaths in women. The incidence is on the rise in India, and is the second most common malignancy
among the Indian women.
Objective : To assess the risk factors of breast cancer among the patients attending cancer OPD in KIMS
and cancer Hospital, Navanagar in Hubli.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the various risk factors associated
with breast cancer among patients attending KIMS and Cancer hospital in Navanagar, Hubli from May to
June of 2014. A pre-designed, pre-tested and semi structure questionnaire was used to collect the data.
Results: Breast cancer was common in the age group of 50-70yrs, 36% of patients attained menarche <12,
62% had 1-3 children, 20% had oral contraceptive usage, 10% had family history of breast cancer, 88% had
breast fed for >12 months, 98% of patients were unaware of breast self examination.
Conclusions: Awareness about symptoms of breast cancer and self examination of the breast were lacking
in the study population. Health care personnel should be trained to spread the awareness of breast cancer
in the community and to identify the vulnerable groups at the primary care settings itself. As majority of
the risk factors for breast cancer are modifiable, prevention and early detection of these risk factors along
with increase awareness amongs the population will have significant impact on the occurrence of the breast