Pattern of Ocular disorders in Adolescent population : Data from Tertiary care Centre
Keywords:Ocular disorders, Adolescent, Refractive error
Aims: This study was carried out to determine ocular disorders and visual impairment among adolescents
attending Out Patient Department of Ophthalmology in a tertiary care center
Methodology: A retrospective study was carried out among adolescents attending out patient department of
Ophthalmology in VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital New Delhi. Data of 191patients between 10-19 years
with ocular disorders were analyzed.
Findings: 191 adolescent cases and 382 eyes were evaluated for various ocular disorders and visual
impairment. The mean age of the cohort was 14.7 years.
Uncorrected refractive error and difficulty in seeing objects at distance (far vision) is the commonest among
the adolescent group. Blindness was observed in 2.8% with a slight female preponderance.
Severe visual impairment is caused by corneal opacity, central nervous system abnormality and phthisis was
observed in 13%. Refractive error, corneal opacity, posterior segment diseases and cataract cause moderate
impairment in 39.2%. Mild impairment is caused mostly by refractive error.
Conclusion: The frequency was higher in females than males across all categories of visual impairment.
Uncorrected refractive error is common in adolescent age group and often detected late in the absence of
regular screening among adolescent.