Effectiveness of Oral Care Using Normal Saline and Baking Soda Towards Pain and Comfort in Mucositis Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy

Authors

  • Eka Nugraha Naibaho1 , Ridha Dharmajaya 2 , Ikhsanuddin A. Harahap3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i10.11147

Keywords:

Mucositis; Normal saline; Baking soda; Pain; Comfort

Abstract

Objects: to identify the effectiveness of oral care using normal saline and baking soda towards pain and
comfort in mucositis patients undergoing chemotherapy.
Methods: this is a quai-experiment pre-posttest with a control group design. The sampling technique was
used for consecutive sampling. The sample was 40 divided into two groups.
Results: the results of this study used the Paired t-test in the intervention group before and after treatment
showed a significant difference in pain intensity (t=14,257, p=0,000) and comfort (t=-11,103, p=0,000). In
the control group there were also significant differences in pain intensity (t = 10,341, p=0,000) and comfort
(t=-6,842, p=0,000). Based on the Independent t-test, there was a significant difference in pain (t=-3.287,
p=0.002) and comfort (t=4.001, p=0.000) after gargling using normal saline and baking soda.
Conclusion: the results of this study indicate that gargling using a solution of normal saline and baking
soda sodium bicarbonate is effective in reducing mucositis pain and improving the comfort of patients
undergoing chemotherapy

Author Biography

Eka Nugraha Naibaho1 , Ridha Dharmajaya 2 , Ikhsanuddin A. Harahap3

1
Master Student, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, 2 Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine,
Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, 3Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Published

2020-10-07

How to Cite

Eka Nugraha Naibaho1 , Ridha Dharmajaya 2 , Ikhsanuddin A. Harahap3. (2020). Effectiveness of Oral Care Using Normal Saline and Baking Soda Towards Pain and Comfort in Mucositis Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(10), 222-228. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i10.11147